Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 2 of 26

II

009   01   是故此氣           shì gù cĭ qì

010   02   杲乎如登於天   găo hū rú dēng yú tiān

011   03   杳乎如入於淵   yăo hū rú rù yú yuān

012   04   淖乎如在於海   nào hū rú zài yú hăi

013   05   卒乎如在於己   cù hū rú zài yú jĭ

014   06   是故此氣也       shì gù cĭ qì yĕ

016   08   而可安以德       ér kĕ ān yĭ dé

017   09   不可呼以聲       bù kĕ hū yĭ shēng

018   10   而可迎以音       ér kĕ yíng yĭ yīn

019   11   敬守勿失           jìng shŏu wù shī

020   12   是謂成德           shì wèi chéng dé

021   13   德成而智出       dé chéng ér zhì chū

022   14   萬物畢得           wàn wù bì de

II

009   01   是故此氣   shì gù cĭ qì

0035   是  shì   indeed, yes, right, to be, this, that (demonstrative pronoun);  是故   shì gù   therefore, so, consequently

0036   故   gù   reason, because, ancient, old

0037   此   cĭ   this, these, in this case, then

0038   氣   qì   vital breath, vapor, steam, gas, air, spirit, smell, weather, to anger, to get angry

010   02   杲乎如登於天   găo hū rú dēng yú tiān

0039   杲   găo   bright sun, brilliant, high, to shine, sun shines brightly

0040   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0041   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0042   登   dēng   rise, mount, board, climb, ascend

0043   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0044   天   tiān   sky, heaven, god, celestial

011   03   杳乎如入於淵   yăo hū rú rù yú yuān

0045   杳   yăo   obscure, dark, mysterious, deep, dark and quiet, disappear

0046   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0047   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0048   入   rù   enter, come in(to), join, to go into

0049   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0050   淵   yuān   abyss, gulf, deep

012   04   淖乎如在於海   nào hū rú zài yú hăi

0051   淖   nào   mud, slush

0052   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0053   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0054   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0055   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0056   海   hăi   sea, ocean, maritime

013   05   卒乎如在於己   cù hū rú zài yú jĭ

0057   卒   cù   at last, finally, sudden, unexpected

0058   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0059   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0060   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0061   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0062   己   jĭ   self, oneself, personal, private, the 6th heavenly stem

014   06   是故此氣也   shì gù cĭ qì yĕ

0063   是  shì   indeed, yes, right, to be, this, that (demonstrative pronoun);  是故   shì gù   therefore, so, consequently

0064   故   gù   reason, because, ancient, old

0065   此   cĭ   this, these, in this case, then

0066   氣   qì   vital breath, vapor, steam, gas, air, spirit, smell, weather, to anger, to get angry

0067   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

015   07   不可止以力   bù kĕ zhĭ yĭ lì

0068   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix;   不可   bù kĕ   cannot, should not, must not

0069   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0070   止   zhĭ   stop, halt, detain, desist, prohibit, until, only

0071   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0072   力   lì   power, force, strength, ability, capability, influence, strenuously

016   08   而可安以德   ér kĕ ān yĭ dé

0073   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0074   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0075   安   ān   peace, peaceful, tranquil, quiet, calm, still, safe, secure, security, safety

0076   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0077   德   dé   virtue, morality, ethics, goodness, kind, kindness, favor, character, (inner power)

017   09   不可呼以聲   bù kĕ hū yĭ shēng

0078   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix;   不可   bù kĕ   cannot, should not, must not

0079   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0080   呼   hū   to call, to cry, to shout, to breath out, to exhale, breath sigh

0081   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0082   聲   shēng   sound, voice, tone, noise, music, classifier for sounds

018   10   而可迎以音   ér kĕ yíng yĭ yīn

0083   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0084   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0085   迎   yíng   to welcome, to meet, to greet, to receive, to face, to forge ahead (esp. in the face of difficulties)

0086   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0087   音   yīn   sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation, noise, syllable, note (of musical scale), reading (phonetic)

019   11   敬守勿失   jìng shŏu wù shī

0088   敬   jìng   respect, respectfully, honor, to respect, to salute, to offer, to venerate

0089   守   shŏu   to defend, to guard, to protect, to conserve, to keep watch, to abide by the law, to observe (rules or rituals), nearby, adjoining

0090   勿   wù   do not, must not, without, never

0091   失   shī   to lose, to miss, to fail, to make mistake, to neglect

020   12   是謂成德   shì wèi chéng dé 

0092   是  shì   indeed, yes, right, to be, this, that (demonstrative pronoun)

0093   謂   wèi   to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense

0094   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

0095   德   dé   virtue, morality, ethics, goodness, kind, kindness, favor, character

021   13   德成而智出   dé chéng ér zhì chū

0096   德   dé   virtue, morality, ethics, goodness, kind, kindness, favor, character

0097   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

0098    而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0099   智   zhì   wisdom, knowledge, intelligence

0100   出   chū   go out, send out, stand, produce, to occur, to rise, to happen, class. for dramas, plays, operas etc

022   14   萬物畢得   wàn wù bì de

0101   萬   wàn  ten thousand, innumerable;  萬物   wàn wù   all living things

0102   物   wù   thing, substance, creature

0103   畢    bì   to end, to finish, to conclude, to complete, the whole of, full, completed, finished

0104   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

TRANSLATIONS

Two

Therefore this vital energy is:

Bright! — as if ascending the heavens;

Dark! — as if entering an abyss;

Vast! — as if dwelling in an ocean;

Lofty! — as if dwelling on a mountain peak.

Therefore this vital energy

Cannot be halted by force,

Yet can be secured by inner power [Te].

Cannot be summoned by speech,

Yet can be welcomed by awareness.

Reverently hold onto it and do not lose it:

This is called “developing inner power.”

When inner power develops and wisdom emerges,

The myriad things will, to the last one, be grasped.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Two

This qi is
So bright! As though climbing to heaven.
So dark! As though entering the abyss.
So broad! As though permeating the sea.
So compact! As though residing within oneself.

This qi
Cannot be detained through physical force,

but may be brought to rest by force of virtue.

It may not be summoned by means of sound,

but may be received through one’s thoughts.

To guard it alertly without fail, this is called perfect virtue.

When virtue is perfected wisdom emerges
and all the things of the world are grasped.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Two

Thus the Qi of the citizens :
Is it bright? As though ascending to heaven.

Is it dark and quiet? As though entering into an abyss.

Is it wide and spacious? As though residing in the ocean.

Is it close? As though residing in oneself.

Thus this Qi –
Cannot be brought to rest by using force,
But can be calmed by using De.
Cannot be summoned by using your voice,

But can be made welcome by using your intent.

When you can respectfully maintain it, and never lose it,

This is called developed De.
When De develops, and wisdom arises,
The bounty of the ten thousand creatures is attained.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

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