Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 3 of 26

023   01   凡心之刑                   fán xīn zhī xíng

024   02   自充自盈                   zì chōng zì yíng

025   03   自生自成                   zì shēng zì chéng

026   04   其所以失之               qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī

027   05   必以憂樂喜怒欲利   bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

028   06   能去憂樂喜怒欲利   néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

029   07   心乃反濟                   xīn năi făn jì

030   08   彼心之情                   bĭ xīn zhī qíng

031   09   利安以寧                   lì ān yĭ níng

032   10   勿煩勿亂                   wù fán wù luàn

033   11   和乃自成                   hé năi zì chéng

III

023   01   凡心之刑   fán xīn zhī xíng

0105     fán   all, any, every, ordinary, common, of the material world

0106   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0107     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0108   刑   xíng   law, punishment, penalty, sentence, torture

024   02   自充自盈   zì chōng zì yíng

0109   自   zì   self, oneself, private, personal, from, since

0110   充   chōng   fill, be full, fulfill, supply, satisfy, substitute, sufficient, to act in place of

0111   自   zì   self, oneself, private, personal, from, since

0112   盈   yíng   fill, full, overflowing, surplus

025   03   自生自成   zì shēng zì chéng

0113   自   zì   self, oneself, private, personal, from, since

0114   生   shēng   life, living, lifetime, vitality, birth, to be born, to grow, raw, uncooked

0115   自   zì   self, oneself, private, personal, from, since

0116   成  chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

026   04   其所以失之   qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī

0117   其  qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0118   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0119   以  yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0120   失   shī   to lose, to miss, to fail, to make mistake, neglect

0121     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

027   05   必以憂樂喜怒欲利   bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

0122   必   bì   certainly, must, will, surely, most certainly, necessarily

0123   以  yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0124   憂   yōu   sad, grief, grieved, melancholy, to worry, worried, anxiety, sorrow, to concern oneself with

0125   樂   lè   happy, glad, enjoyable, cheerful, laugh, music

0126   喜   xĭ   love, like, enjoy, joyful thing, happiness, delight, to be happy, to feel pleased, to be fond of

0127   怒   nù   anger, fury, rage, passion, to be angry, flourishing, vigorous

0128     [欲]   yù  desire, lust, passion, appetite, greed

0129   利   lì   profit, benefit,  merit, advantage, gain, interest, favorable, sharp, to do good to

028   06   能去憂樂喜怒欲利   néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

0130   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0131   去   qù   go away, leave, depart, to go to, to remove, to get rid of, (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do something, after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker, (of a time or event etc) just passed or elapsed

0132   憂   yōu   sad, grief, grieved, melancholy, to worry, worried, anxiety, sorrow, to concern oneself with

0133   樂   lè   happy, glad, enjoyable, cheerful, laugh, music

0134   喜   xĭ   love, like, enjoy, joyful thing, happiness, delight, to be happy, to feel pleased, to be fond of

0135   怒   nù   anger, fury, rage, passion, to be angry, flourishing, vigorous

0136     [欲]   yù  desire, lust, passion, appetite, greed

0137   利   lì   profit, benefit, merit, advantage, gain, interest, favorable, sharp, to do good to

029   07   心乃反濟   xīn năi făn jì

0138   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0139   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, only

0140   反    făn   contrary, in reverse, opposite, to return, to oppose, against, anti-, to rebel, instead

0141   濟   jì   to help, to be of help, to aid, to relieve, to ferry, to cross (a river)

030   08   彼心之情   bĭ xīn zhī qíng

0142   彼   bĭ   that, those, there, (one) another

0143   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0144     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0145   情   qíng   feeling, emotion, passion, sentiment, situation

031   09   利安以寧    lì ān yĭ níng

0146   利   lì   profit, benefit, merit, advantage, gain, interest, favorable, sharp, to do good to

0147   安   ān   peace, peaceful, calm, quiet, tranquil, safe, secure, to install, to fix, to fit

0148   以  yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0149   寧   níng   peace, peaceful, repose, serenity, rather

032   10   勿煩勿亂   wù fán wù luàn

0150   勿   wù   do not, must not, without, never

0151   煩   fán   bother, trouble, troublesome, vex, to feel vexed, edgy, superfluous and confusing

0152   勿   wù   do not, must not, without, never

0153   亂   luàn   confusion, in a confused state of mind, create chaos, state of chaos, revolt, disorder, to throw into disorder, to mix up, upheaval, riot, random, arbitrary, illicit sexual relations

033   11   和乃自成   hé năi zì chéng

0154   和   hé   harmony, peace, peaceful, calm, and, together with, sum, union

0154   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, only

0155   自   zì   self, oneself, private, personal, from, since

0156   成  chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

TRANSLATIONS

Three

All the forms of the mind

Are naturally infused and filled with it [the vital essence],

Are naturally generated and developed [because of] it.

It is lost

Inevitably because of sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire, and profit-seeking.

If you are able to cast off sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire and profit-seeking,

Your mind will just revert to equanimity.

The true condition of the mind

Is that it finds calmness beneficial and, by it, attains repose.

Do not disturb it, do not disrupt it

And harmony will naturally develop.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Three

The form of the heart is
Spontaneously full and replete,

Spontaneously born and complete.

It loses this form through
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking.

If are able to rid itself of
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking,

the heart returns to completion.

The natural feelings of the heart cleave to rest and calm;

Don’t trouble them, don’t derange them,
and harmony will spontaneously be perfect.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Three

Always: the form of the heart/mind is

Naturally full, naturally overflowing,

Naturally born, naturally complete.

The reason that you lose it

Is certainly due to worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit.

If you can leave behind worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit,

Your heart/mind then returns [to its original nature] successfully.

The nature of that heart/mind
Benefits from calmness and the tranquility that comes from it.

Do not be troubled, do not be confused,
And harmony is then naturally achieved.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

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