Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 4 of 26

034   01   折折乎如在於側       zhé zhé hū rú zài yú cè

035   02   忽忽乎如將不得       hū hū hū rú jiàng bù dé

036   03   渺渺乎如窮無極       miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí

037   04   此稽不遠                   cĭ jī bù yuăn

038   05   日用其德                   rì yòng qí dé

039   06   夫道者所以充形也   fú dào zhĕ suŏ yĭ chōng xíng yĕ

040   07   而人不能固               ér rén bù néng gù

041   08   其往不復                   qí wăng bù fù

042   09   其來不舍                   qí lái bù shĕ

043   10   謀乎莫聞其音           móu hù mò wén qí yīn

044   11   卒乎乃在於心           cù hū năi zài yú xīn

045   12   冥冥乎不見其形       míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng

046   13   淫淫乎與我俱生       yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng

047   14   不見其形                   bù jiàn qí xíng

048   15   不聞其聲                   bù wén qí shēng

049   16   而序其成                   ér xù qí chéng

050   17   謂之道                       wèi zhī dào

IV

034   01   折折乎如在於側   zhé zhé hū rú zài yú cè

0157   折   zhé, shé   snap, bend, break off, to suffer loss

0158   折   zhé, shé   snap, bend, break off, to suffer loss

0159   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0160   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0161   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0162   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0163   側   cè   side, slant, to incline towards, inclined, lean, lateral

035   02   忽忽乎如將不得   hū hū hū rú jiàng bù dé

0164   忽    hū   suddenly, abruptly, overlook, neglect

0165   忽    hū   suddenly, abruptly, overlook, neglect

0166   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0167   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0168   將   jiàng   will, going to, future, general, to command, to lead, king (chess piece)

0169   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix; 不得  bù dé   must not, may not, cannot, not to be allowed

0170   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

036   03   渺渺乎如窮無極   miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí

0171   渺   miăo   vast, boundless, endlessly long, distant and indistinct, tiny or insignificant

0172   渺   miăo   vast, boundless, endlessly long, distant and indistinct, tiny or insignificant

0173   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0174   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0175   窮   qióng   poor, impoverished, exhausted, destitute

0176   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack:    無極   wú jí   everlasting, unbounded

0177   極    jí   extreme, final, utmost, furthest

037   04   此稽不遠   cĭ jī bù yuăn

0178   此   cĭ   this, these, in this case, then

0179   稽   jī   to examine, to investigate, to inspect, to check

0180   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0181   遠   yuăn   distant, far, remote, profound

038   05   日用其德   rì yòng qí dé

0182   日  rì   sun, day, daytime;  日用   rì yòng   of everyday use, daily expenses

0183   用   yòng   use, employ, apply, operate

0184   其  qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0185   德   dé   virtue, morality, ethics, goodness, kind, kindness, favor, character

039   06   夫道者所以充形也   fú dào zhĕ suŏ yĭ chōng xíng yĕ

0186   夫   fú   grammar particle or demonstrative pronoun (classical Chinese), man, male, adult, husband

0187   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0188   者   zhĕ   that which, he who, those who, (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term), (old) (used at the the end of command), (old) this

0189   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0190   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0191   充   chōng   fill, be full, fulfill, supply, satisfy, substitute, sufficient, to act in place of

0192   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

0193   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

040   07   而人不能固   ér rén bù néng gù

0194   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0195   人   rén   man, people, mankind, someone else

0196   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0197   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0198   固   gù   to become solid, solidify, strength, hard, sure, indeed, of course

041   08   其往不復   qí wăng bù fù

0199   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0200   往   wăng   to go, to depart, to, towards, past, previous, formerly

0201   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0202   復   fù   to go and return, return, resume, repeat, recover, restore, again, repeatedly

042   09   其來不舍   qí lái bù shĕ

0203   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0204   來   lái   come, coming, return, returning, arrive, to come round, ever since, next

0205   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0206   舍   shĕ   to give up, to abandon, discard, give up willingly, give alms

043   10   謀乎莫聞其音  móu hù mò wén qí yīn

0207   謀   móu   plan, scheme, stratagem, to plan, to seek

0208   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0209   莫   mò   do not, is not, cannot, negative, there is none who

0210   聞    wén   hear, smell, make known, news, fame, famous, reputation, well-known

0211   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0212   音   yīn   sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation, noise, syllable, note (of musical scale), reading (phonetic)

044   11   卒乎乃在於心   cù hū năi zài yú xīn

0213   卒   cù   at last, finally, sudden, unexpected

0214   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0215   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, only

0216   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0217   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0218   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

045   12   冥冥乎不見其形   míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng

0219   冥   míng   dark, gloomy, deep, night, stupid, the underworld

0220   冥   míng   dark, gloomy, deep, night, stupid, the underworld

0221   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0222   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0223   見   jiàn   to see, to meet, to appear, to interview, observe, behold, perceive

0224   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0225   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

046   13   淫淫乎與我俱生   yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng

0226   淫   yín   excess, excessive, obscene, licentious, lewd, wanton, depraved

0227   淫   yín   excess, excessive, obscene, licentious, lewd, wanton, depraved

0228   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0229   與   yú   and, with, to, for, give, grant, (final particle expressing doubt or surprise)

0230   我   wŏ   I, me, my, our, us, we

0231   俱   jù   all, together, accompany, entirely, without exception

0232     shēng   life, living, lifetime, birth, to be born, to grow, raw, uncooked

047   14   不見其形   bù jiàn qí xíng

0233   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0234   見   jiàn   to see, to meet, to appear, to interview, observe, behold, perceive

0235   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0236   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

048   15   不聞其聲   bù wén qí shēng

0237   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0238   聞    wén   hear, smell, make known, news, fame, famous, reputation, well-known

0239   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0240   聲    shēng   sound, voice, tone, noise, music, classifier for sounds

049   16   而序其成   ér xù qí chéng

0241   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0242   序   xù   series, serial, order, sequence, preface

0243   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0244   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

050   17   謂之道  wèi zhī dào

0245   謂   wèi   to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense

0246     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0247   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

TRANSLATIONS

Four

Clear! — as though right by your side.

Vague! — as though it will not be attained.

Indescribable! — as though beyond the limitless.

The test of this is not far off:

Daily we make use of its inner power.

The Way is what infuses the body,

Yet people are unable to fix it in place.

It goes forth but does not return,

It comes back but does not stay.

Silent! — none can hear its sound.

Suddenly stopping! — it abides within the mind.

Obscure! —  we do not see its form.

Surging forth! — it arises with us.

We do not see its form,

We do not hear its sound,

Yet we can perceive an order to its accomplishments.

We call it “the Way.”

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Four

So gleaming! As though just beside.
So dim! As though ungraspable.
So remote! As though exhausting the far limit.

Its basis is near at hand; daily we draw its force of virtue.
By means of the Dao forms are made full,

yet men are not able to cleave firmly to it.

Once gone it may not return,

Once come it may not remain.
So silent! None hears its sound.

So compact! It resides in the heart.

So dark! Invisible of form.

So overflowing! It is born along with me.

Its form unseen,

Its sound unheard,

Yet its doings perfectly ordered.

Such we call: the Dao.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Four

Is it very bright? As though located right by your side.

Is it very easy to overlook? As though it will never be attained.
Is it very remote and indistinct? As though utterly without boundaries.

To examine this, you need not go far:

You use De daily.

Now: Dao is the reason that the form [of the heart/mind] is full!

But people cannot be strong enough to keep it –
It goes and does not return,
It arrives but does not dwell.

Is it silent? There is no one who can hear its sound.

Is it close? It is residing in the heart/mind.
Is it very dim and obscure? You cannot see its form.
Is it very prolific? It gives us all life.

You cannot see its form,
You cannot hear its voice,
Yet there is an order to its accomplishments.

We call it Dao.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

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