Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 6 of 26

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 6 of 26

065   01   道也者                       dào yĕ zhĕ

066   02   口之所不能言也       kŏu zhī suŏ bù néng yán yĕ

067   03   目之所不能視也       mù zhī suŏ bù néng shì yĕ

068   04   耳之所不能聽也       ĕr zhī suŏ bù néng tìng yĕ

069   05   所以修心而正形也   suŏ yĭ xiū xīn ér zhēng xíng yĕ

070   06   人之所失以死           rén zhī suŏ shī yĭ sĭ

071   07   所得以生也               suŏ de yĭ shēng yĕ

072   08   事之所失以敗           shì zhī suŏ shī yĭ bài

073   09   所得以成也               suŏ de yĭ chéng yĕ

074   10   凡道無根無莖           fán dào wú gēn wú jīng

075   11   無葉無榮                   wú yè wú róng

076   12   萬物以生                   wàn wù yĭ shēng

077   13   萬物以成                   wàn wù yĭ chéng

078   14   命之曰道                   mìng zhī yuē dào

VI

065   01   道也者   dào yĕ zhĕ

0353   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0354   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

0355   者   zhĕ   that which, he who, those who, (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term), (old) (used at the the end of command), (old) this

066   02   口之所不能言也   kŏu zhī suŏ bù néng yán yĕ

0356   口   kŏu   mouth, entrance, gate, open end, classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc), classifier for bites or mouthfuls

0357     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0358   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0359   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0360   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0361   言   yán   words, speech, to speak, to say

0362   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

067   03   目之所不能視也   mù zhī suŏ bù néng shì yĕ

0363   目   mù   eye, look, see, division, topic, item, section, list, catalogue, table of content, goal, name, title

0364     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0365   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0366   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0367   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0368   視   shì   to look at, to regard, to inspect, to observe, to see

0369   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

068   04   耳之所不能聽也   ĕr zhī suŏ bù néng tìng yĕ

0370   耳   ĕr   ear, to handle, merely, only, and that is all (classical Chinese)

0371     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0372   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0373   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0374   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0375   聽   tìng   hear, listen, understand, obey, to let, to allow

0376   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

069   05   所以修心而正形也   suŏ yĭ xiū xīn ér zhēng xíng yĕ

0377  所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0378   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0379   修   xiū   to study, to repair, to cultivate, to decorate, to write, to embellish, to build

0380   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0381   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0382   正   zhēng   right, proper, correct, the first month of the lunar year

0383   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

0384   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

070   06   人之所失以死   rén zhī suŏ shī yĭ sĭ

0385   人   rén   man, people, mankind, someone else

0386     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0387   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0388   失   shī   to lose, to miss, to fail, to make mistake, neglect

0389   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0390   死   sĭ   die, dead, death, uncrossable, impassable, rigid, extremely

071   07   所得以生也   suŏ de yĭ shēng yĕ

0391   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0392   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

0393   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0394   生   shēng   life, living, lifetime, birth, to be born, to grow, raw, uncooked

0395   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

072   08   事之所失以敗 shì zhī suŏ shī yĭ bài

0396   事   shì   matter, work, affair, business, thing, item, accident, incident, to serve

0397     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0398   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0399   失   shī   to lose, to miss, to fail, to make mistake, neglect

0400   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0401   敗   bài   to defeat, to be defeated, decline, fail, loss

073   09   所得以成也   suŏ de yĭ chéng yĕ

0402   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0403   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

0404   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0405   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

0406   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

074   10   凡道無根無莖   fán dào wú gēn wú jīng

0407     fán   all, any, every, ordinary, common, of the material world

0408   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0409   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0410   根   gēn   root, basis, foundation, classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings etc

0411   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0412   莖   jīng   stem, stalk

075   11   無葉無榮   wú yè wú róng

0413   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0414   葉   yè   leaf, petal, page of book, (historical) period

0415   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0416   榮   róng   glory, honor, thriving, flourish, prosper

076   12   萬物以生   wàn wù yĭ shēng

0417   萬   wàn  ten thousand, innumerable;   萬物   wàn wù   all living things

0418   物   wù   thing, substance, creature

0419   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0420   生   shēng   life, living, lifetime, birth, to be born, to grow, raw, uncooked

077   13   萬物以成   wàn wù yĭ chéng

0421   萬   wàn  ten thousand, innumerable;   萬物   wàn wù   all living things

0422   物   wù   thing, substance, creature

0423   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0424   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

078   14   命之曰道   mìng zhī yuē dào

0425   命   mìng   life, destiny, fate, luck, an order or command, instruction

0426     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0427   曰   yuē   to speak, to say

0428   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

TRANSLATION

SIX

As for the Way:

It is what the mouth cannot speak of,

The eyes cannot see,

And the ears cannot hear.

It is that with which we cultivate the mind and align the body.

When people lose it they die;

When people gain it they flourish.

When endeavors lose it they fail;

When they gain it they succeed.

The Way never has a root or trunk,

It never has leaves or flowers.

The myriad things are generated by it;

The myriad things are completed by it.

We designate it “the Way.”

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

The Dao
Is what the mouth cannot speak, Is what the eye cannot see,
Is what the ear cannot hear.

It is the means to refine the heart and rectify the form.

Men die when they lose it.
Men live when they gain it.

Affairs fail when they lose it.

Affairs succeed when they gain it.

The Dao has neither root not stalk,

nor leaves, nor blossoms.

Yet the things of the world gain it and are born;

the things of the world gain it and mature.

This is termed: the Dao.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Dao –
That which your mouth cannot speak!
That which your eyes cannot see!
That which your ears cannot hear!

It is the reason that we cultivate the heart/mind and properly align [its] form!

That which when people lose, thus they die.
That which when attained, thus they are born!
That which when duties lose, thus they fail.
That which when attained, thus they are completed!

Always: Dao is
Without root, without stalk,
Without leaves, without flowers.
By means of it the ten thousand creatures are born,
By means of it the ten thousand creatures are made complete.

This [natural] order, it is called Dao.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

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