內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) Part 3 of 26

III

023   01   凡心之 形 fán xīn zhī xíng
024   02   自充自盈  zì chōng zì yíng
025   03   自生自成  zì shēng zì chéng

026   04   其所以失之 qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī
027   05   必以憂樂喜怒欲利  bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
028   06   能去憂樂喜怒欲利  néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
029   07   心乃反齊  xīn năi făn qí

030   08   彼心之情  bĭ xīn zhī qíng
031   09   利安以寧   lì ān yĭ níng
032   10   勿煩勿亂  wù fán wù luàn
033   11   和乃自成  hé năi zì chéng

III
023 01 凡心之刑 fán xīn zhī xíng
0103 凡 fán in general, overall, in every case of, whenever, whatever, whoever, whichever, all of
0104 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0105 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0106 形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline

024 02 自充自盈 zì chōng zì yíng
0107 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0108 充 chōng fill, filled; whole, complete, abundant; fit in, fit with, accord with
0109 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0110 盈 yíng plentitude, plenteous; full, abundant, replete; full to excess, overfull

025 03 自生自成 zì shēng zì chéng

0111 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0112 生   shēng  life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop
0113 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0114 成  chéng   complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)

026 04 其所以失之 qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī
0115 其 qí his, her, their, its, one’s; the, this, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0116 所 suŏ place, spot, site, location; 所以 suŏyĭ that which is used, wherewithal, means
0117 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0118 失 shī lose, forfeit, lacking in, not careful about, neglectful of; wrongly done; error, slip
0119 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation

027 05 必以憂樂喜怒欲利 bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

0120 必 bì adv necessarily, certainly; inevitably, invariably
0121 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0122 憂 yōu anxious, concerned over; fretful; trouble by, burdened with care; grief
0123 樂 lè merry, blithe; delighted; gleeful; (en)joy(ment); take pleasure in, delight in
0124 喜 xĭ delight in, joy(ful), happiness; light-hearted(ness), glad(ness), mirth(ful)
0125 怒 nù angry, infuriated, furious; wrath(ful), wroth; tense, intense
0126 欲 yù want(s), desire(s); craving; desiderate
0127 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid

028 06 能去憂樂喜怒欲利 néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
0128 能 néng capacity, (cap)ability; faculty, prowess; capable of, able to
0129 去 qù depart (from), go away (from), leave, go off
0130 憂 yōu anxious, concerned over; fretful; trouble by, burdened with care; grief
0131 樂 lè merry, blithe; delighted; gleeful; (en)joy(ment); take pleasure in, delight in
0132 喜 xĭ delight in, joy(ful), happiness; light-hearted(ness), glad(ness), mirth(ful)
0133 怒 nù angry, infuriated, furious; wrath(ful), wroth; tense, intense
0134 欲 yù want(s), desire(s); craving; desiderate
0135 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid

029 07 心乃反齊 xīn năi făn qí
0136 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0137 乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
0138 反 făn turn over, invert, turn upward; turn back, reverse, go back, return, turn round; contrary, opposite, oppose; look inside, introspection
0139 齊 qí ready, complete; altogether; act in concert; bring into line; compose, arrange, array

030 08 彼心之情 bĭ xīn zhī qíng
0140 彼 bĭ that, those, the other, there
0141 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0142 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0143 情 qíng the actual situation; properties; matters; circumstance(s)

031 09 利安以寧 lì ān yĭ níng
0144 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid
0145 安 ān firmly in place; stable, secure; safe; unworried, settled, calm
0146 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0147 寧 níng peaceful, tranquil, irenic; pacify, calm

032 10 勿煩勿亂 wù fán wù luàn
0148 勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
0149 煩 fán vex(atious), irk(some), annoy(ance), irritate, peeve; trouble(some), bother(some); confusingly or unnecessarily many, overmuch; overcomplicated, loaded with trivia
0150 勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
0151 亂 luàn disorder(ly), disarray; chaos; trouble(d), confuse(d); rebel, revolt

033 11 和乃自成 hé năi zì chéng
0152 和 hé harmony, bring into harmony; harmonious, of sound; in harmony with, accordant; euphonious
0153 乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
0154 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0155 成  chéng   complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)

TRANSLATIONS

Three

All the forms of the mind
Are naturally infused and filled with it [the vital essence],
Are naturally generated and developed [because of] it.

It is lost
Inevitably because of sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire, and profit-seeking.
If you are able to cast off sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire and profit-seeking,
Your mind will just revert to equanimity.

The true condition of the mind
Is that it finds calmness beneficial and, by it, attains repose.
Do not disturb it, do not disrupt it
And harmony will naturally develop.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Three

The form of the heart is
Spontaneously full and replete,
Spontaneously born and complete.

It loses this form through
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking.
If are able to rid itself of
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking,
the heart returns to completion.

The natural feelings of the heart cleave to rest and calm;
Don’t trouble them, don’t derange them,
and harmony will spontaneously be perfect.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Three

Always: the form of the heart/mind is
Naturally full, naturally overflowing,
Naturally born, naturally complete.

The reason that you lose it
Is certainly due to worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit.
If you can leave behind worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit,
Your heart/mind then returns [to its original nature] successfully.

The nature of that heart/mind
Benefits from calmness and the tranquility that comes from it.
Do not be troubled, do not be confused,
And harmony is then naturally achieved.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Three

Invariably, the heart-mind’s decisions
Naturally occupy it, naturally fill it.
They spontaneously arise, and spontaneously ripen.

They can become wayward
As a result of sorrow, pleasure, euphoria, anger, desire, and avarice.
If you can abandon sorrow, pleasure, euphoria, anger, desire, and avarice,
The heart will return back to the shore (of calm and stability).

It is the nature of the heart and mind
To benefit from tranquility and relaxation.
Do not agitate it, do not disturb it,
And harmony will naturally perfect it.

(Translated by Dan G. Reid, 2018)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s