內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) Part 4 of 26

IV

034   01   皙皙乎如在於側  xī xī hū rú zài yú cè
035   02   忽忽乎如將不得  hū hū hū rú jiāng bù dé
036   03   渺渺乎如窮無極  miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí

037   04   此稽不遠  cĭ jī bù yuàn
038   05   日用其德  rì yòng qí dé
039   06   夫道所以充形  fú dào suŏ yĭ chōng xíng
040   07   而人不能固  ér rén bù néng gù
041   08   其往不復  qí wăng bù fù
042   09   其來不舍  qí lái bù shĕ

043   10   寂乎莫聞其音  jì hū mò wén qí yīn
044   11   卒乎乃在於心  cù hū năi zài yú xīn
045   12   冥冥乎不見其形 míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng
046   13   淫淫乎與我俱生 yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng

047   14   不見其形  bù jiàn qí xíng
048   15   不聞其聲  bù wén qí shēng
049   16   而序其成  ér xù qí chéng
050   17   謂之道  wèi zhī dào

034 01 皙皙乎如在於側 xī xī hū rú zài yú cè
0156 皙 xī white
0157 皙 xī white
0158 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0159 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0160 在 zài be located at, situated; rest in, reside in, lie in; consist in depend on; be present; exist, live; at, in, on
0161 於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0162 側 cè to one side, side(ways); incline(d), oblique

035 02 忽忽乎如將不得 hū hū hū rú jiàng bù dé
0163 忽 hū swift(ly), quick(ly); sudden(ly), all at once, abrupt(ly); infinitesimal, imperceptible, inconceivably small
0164 忽 hū swift(ly), quick(ly); sudden(ly), all at once, abrupt(ly); infinitesimal, imperceptible, inconceivably small
0165 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0166 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0167 將 jiāng take in hand, take hold of; use, employ; apply; take along, bring along
0168 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0169 得 dé obtain, get, gain, attain(ment), acquire(ment); have control of, possess

036 03 渺渺乎如窮無極 miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí
0170 渺 miăo boundlessly spreading, flooding afar, cresting and coursing, infinite overflow; (reduplicated) far and even farther, dimly in the distance
0171 渺 miăo boundlessly spreading, flooding afar, cresting and coursing, infinite overflow; (reduplicated) far and even farther, dimly in the distance
0172 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0173 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0174 窮 qióng go to the end of; come to the last point; end in, end with; endless
0175 無 wú to be without or lack obj., to have nothing, nought; 無極 wú jí infinite, immeasurable; paramount; everlasting, unbounded
0176 極 jí ridgepole; standard, principle; high-point, summit, zenith; pinnacle; apogee, apex; culmen, culmination, culminate; extremity, supreme; most; best, utmost

037 04 此稽不遠 cĭ jī bù yuăn
0177 此 cĭ this, these, here
0178 稽 jī delay, retard; arrive at, reach, come to; examine, scrutinise, study close
0179 不 bù no, not, un-, negative prefix
0180 遠 yuăn distant, far, long off, in space or time; far-reaching, extend far or deeply in influence or effect

038 05 日用其德 rì yòng qí dé
0181 日 rì the sun; solar; a day, daytime; each day, daily 日用 rì yòng of everyday use, daily expenses
0182 用 yòng use, employ, make use of; apply, ply; use up, consume, run through
0183 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0184 德 dé innate (inner) power, potency, efficacy; sometimes thought of as projection of the 道 Dao (Way) in the sensible world; traditionally translated as ‘virtue,’ but having no religious overtones—Kroll, 2015.

039 06 夫道所以充形 fú dào suŏ yĭ chōng xíng
0185 夫 fú (1) sentence-initial modifier indicating that the substance of the sentence applies to any individual case: in any particular case; or (2) demonstrative pronoun
0186 道 dào (1) way that leads somewhere, road, rout; (2) the Way; as image suggesting how things actually exist, fundamental reality, a constant Way in which the diverse ways of living and relating are essentially balanced and whole.—Kroll, 2015
0187 所 suŏ place, spot, site, location; 所以 suŏ yĭ that which is used, wherewithal, means
0188 以 yĭ therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because
0189 充 chōng fill, filled; whole, complete, abundant; fit in, fit with, accord with
0190 形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline

040 07 而人不能固 ér rén bù néng gù
0191 而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast
0192 人 rén person, human being, man, mankind, others, the other one(s)
0193 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0194 能 néng capacity, (cap)ability; faculty, prowess; capable of, able to
0195 固 gù fastness, secure place, stronghold; solid; firm, secure, steadfast; firmly, certainly, definitely, in fact

041 08 其往不復 qí wăng bù fù
0196 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0197 往 wăng go, go toward; be gone, bygone, past, former(ly)
0198 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0199 復 fù go back over the same road, retrace; return; resume, restart; return to earlier state, restore, renew

042 09 其來不舍 qí lái bù shĕ
0200 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0201 來 lái come, come to, arrive; the future, what is coming
0202 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0203 舍 shè guest-house; stay over at a guest-house; reside, dwell; rest, repose

043 10 寂乎莫聞其音 jì hù mò wén qí yīn
0204 寂 jì soundless, silent, hushed; tranquil; solitude, solitary
0205 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0206 莫 mò in no case, in no instance; none, nothing, no one
0207 聞 wén to hear; make heard, make known, inform; rumour, hearsay
0208 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0209 音 yīn sound, tone; voice, words

044 11 卒乎乃在於心 cù hū năi zài yú xīn
0210 卒 cù — suddenly; zú — pass away; accomplish, complete; in the end, finally
0211 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0212 乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
0213 在 zài be located at, situated; rest in, reside in, lie in; consist in depend on; be present; exist, live; at, in, on
0214 於 yú in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0215 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity

045 12 冥冥乎不見其形 míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng
0216 冥 míng dark-cast light; darkling, darksome; reduplicated: as dark as can be
0217 冥 míng dark-cast light; darkling, darksome; reduplicated: as dark as can be
0218 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0219 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0220 見 jiàn to see, look at; perceive, perception; understand(ing)
0222 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0222 形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline

046 13 淫淫乎與我俱生 yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng
0223 淫 yín excessive, prodigal, unrestrained; unregulated
0224 淫 yín excessive, prodigal, unrestrained; unregulated
0225 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0226 與 yú sentence-final interrogative; yù—participate, take part with, join in; yŭ—give to, grant to, accord to, prove for, assist; be associated with
0227 我 wŏ I, me, we, our(s), us, my own, it is I who…
0228 俱 jù altogether, in all; completely, the whole of; generally; together with, in common; comprehend, understand
0229 生 shēng life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop

047 14 不見其形 bù jiàn qí xíng
0230 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0231 見 jiàn to see, look at; perceive, perception; understand(ing)
0232 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0233 形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline

048 15 不聞其聲 bù wén qí shēng
0234 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix
0235 聞 wén to hear; make heard, make known, inform; rumour, hearsay
0236 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0237 聲 shēng sound, noise; voice

049 16 而序其成 ér xù qí chéng
0238 而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast
0239 序 xù sequence, progress(ion), succession, e.g. sequence of the seasons; order; put in order; arrangement; arrange in sequence; preface, prolegomenon
0240 其 qí his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0241 成 chéng complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)

050 17 謂之道 wèi zhī dào
0242 謂 wèi to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense
0243 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0244 道 dào (1) way that leads somewhere, road, rout; (2) the Way; as image suggesting how things actually exist, fundamental reality, a constant Way in which the diverse ways of living and relating are essentially balanced and whole.—Kroll, 2015

TRANSLATIONS

Four

Clear! — as though right by your side.
Vague! — as though it will not be attained.
Indescribable! — as though beyond the limitless.

The test of this is not far off:
Daily we make use of its inner power.
The Way is what infuses the body,
Yet people are unable to fix it in place.
It goes forth but does not return,
It comes back but does not stay.

Silent! — none can hear its sound.
Suddenly stopping! — it abides within the mind.
Obscure! — we do not see its form.
Surging forth! — it arises with us.

We do not see its form,
We do not hear its sound,
Yet we can perceive an order to its accomplishments.
We call it “the Way.”

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Four

So gleaming! As though just beside.

So dim! As though ungraspable.

So remote! As though exhausting the far limit.

Its basis is near at hand; daily we draw its force of virtue.
By means of the Dao forms are made full,
yet men are not able to cleave firmly to it.
Once gone it may not return,
Once come it may not remain.


So silent! None hears its sound.
So compact! It resides in the heart.
So dark! Invisible of form.
So overflowing! It is born along with me.

Its form unseen,
Its sound unheard,
Yet its doings perfectly ordered.
Such we call: the Dao.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Four

Is it very bright? As though located right by your side.
Is it very easy to overlook? As though it will never be attained.

Is it very remote and indistinct? As though utterly without boundaries.

To examine this, you need not go far:
You use De daily.
Now: Dao is the reason that the form [of the heart/mind] is full!
But people cannot be strong enough to keep it –
It goes and does not return,
It arrives but does not dwell.

Is it silent? There is no one who can hear its sound.
Is it close? It is residing in the heart/mind.
Is it very dim and obscure? You cannot see its form.
Is it very prolific? It gives us all life.

You cannot see its form,
You cannot hear its voice,
Yet there is an order to its accomplishments.
We call it Dao.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Four

At rest! As though right at your side;
Fleeting! Trying to snatch it, it is not obtained;
Vast and Distant! It is void of all limits.

This investigation does not take place far off
But in the daily application of this Virtue.
It is Dao which fills the body,
Yet people are unable to secure it.
It leaves without returning;
It arrives without remaining.

Strategic! No one hears its voice;
Sudden! Right away it is within your heart-mind;
Dark and obscured! Its form cannot be seen;
Immense and overflowing! It rises within all of us.

We do not see its form,
We do not hear its voice,
Yet its sequence of development
We call “Dao”.

(Translated by Dan G. Reid, 2018)

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s