內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) All Characters of Parts 1-3 in ABC order and Digraphs

Total number of characters in parts 01-03 to read is 155, different characters are 90 (27+38+25).

A

安 ān firmly in place; stable, secure; safe; unworried, settled, calm

B

彼 bĭ that, those, the other, there
畢 bì finish, bring to an end; all of, to the last one; completely
必 bì adv necessarily, certainly; inevitably, invariably
不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix; 不可 bù kĕ cannot, should not, must not

C

藏 cáng store up, reserve, hoard; keep safe; hide away, secrete
此 cĭ this, these, here
成 chéng complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)
充 chōng fill, filled; whole, complete, abundant; fit in, fit with, accord with
出 chū go or come out (from), come or go forth; issue (from), emerge(nt); go or reach beyond; exceed, surpass

D

德 dé innate (inner) power, potency, efficacy; sometimes thought of as projection of the 道 Dao (Way) in the sensible world; traditionally translated as ‘virtue,’ but having no religious overtones—Kroll, 2015.
得 dé obtain, get, gain, attain(ment), acquire(ment); have control of, possess
登 dēng climb, ascend, rise; (sur)mount
地 dì earth, soil, as land

E

而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast

F

凡 fán in general, overall, in every case of, whenever, whatever, whoever, whichever, all of
煩 fán vex(atious), irk(some), annoy(ance), irritate, peeve; trouble(some), bother(some); confusingly or unnecessarily many, overmuch; overcomplicated, loaded with trivia
反 făn turn over, invert, turn upward; turn back, reverse, go back, return, turn round; contrary, opposite, oppose; look inside, introspection

G

杲 găo glimmer, glint, break into light, like the just-rising sun; brightening; ascend in the distance
穀 gŭ grain, cereal, common food crops
故 gù reason, cause, purpose; therefore, assuredly, affirmedly, certainly, surely
鬼 guĭ returning spirit of the dead, revenant, ghost, specter; often associated with the carnal-soul (魄 pò) that is tied to the earth; 鬼神 guĭ shén gods and demons (Roth translates it like ‘ghostly and numinous’, others follow ‘ghosts and spirits’)

H

海 hăi sea, ocean; marine, maritime
和 hé harmony, bring into harmony; harmonious, of sound; in harmony with, accordant; euphonious
乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
呼 hū to call, to cry, to shout, to breath out, to exhale, breath sigh

J

濟 jì cross a river; arrive at a goal, succeed, achieve(ment); help, aid, assist
間 jiān NB This graph a medieval development of 閒 xián, interstice of space, interval, space between, in between, among, in the midst of
精 jīng essence; purest, most highly concentrated element; germinal essence, life-germ contained in the Dao; the energy that nourishes the human body and is esp. attached to sexuality (semen, menstrual fluid); seminal; vital; seed(ling)
敬 jìng respect(ful), revere(nce), regard with honor; serious; solemn, grave; reflective, somber

K

可 kĕ possible, permissible, feasible; allow(able), admit; may, can

L

樂 lè merry, blithe; delighted; gleeful; (en)joy(ment); take pleasure in, delight in
力 lì strength, power(ful); force(ful); ability, potency; vigour(ous), strenuous
利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid
列 liè to array, arrange in ranks or sequence; sign up, align(meant); set out; enlist(meant). 列星 liè xīng star alignment (in astrology)
流 liú flow, drift, course, glide, run, stream; circulate, distribute, spread
亂 luàn disorder(ly), disarray; chaos; trouble(d), confuse(d); rebel, revolt

 

N

乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
淖 nào temperate, gentle; be in accord
能 néng capacity, (cap)ability; faculty, prowess; capable of, able to
寧 níng peaceful, tranquil, irenic; pacify, calm
怒 nù angry, infuriated, furious; wrath(ful), wroth; tense, intense

Q

其 qí his, her, their, its, one’s; the, this, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
齊 qí ready, complete; altogether; act in concert; bring into line; compose, arrange, array
屺   qǐ hill or mountain denuded of vegetation, bare mound
氣 qì vital breath, pneuma, energising breath, life-force, material force. The force characterized by a blending of yin and yang, that animates each living creature and also runs through the inanimate universe; regarded as hybrid or dual in nature, described as neither just matter nor just energy, or rather as matter-energy; 氣 qì is the basic constituent element of the universe—Kroll, 2015.
情 qíng the actual situation; properties; matters; circumstance(s)
去 qù depart (from), go away (from), leave, go off

 

R

人 rén person, human being, man, mankind, others, the other one(s)
如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
入 rù enter, pass into, go in

S

上 shàng on top, on high, above, higher, up(ward)
神 shén spirit(ual), god(ly), divine, deity; sacred, etherial, holy; natural order, law of nature
生 shēng life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop
聲 shēng sound, noise; voice
聖 shèng possessing wisdom, judgment, and moral excellence; profoundly wise and virtuous; sage(ly), sagacious. 聖人 shèng rén saint, sage
失 shī lose, forfeit, lacking in, not careful about, neglectful of; wrongly done; error, slip
是 shì this, that, these, those; he, they, any, any such; affirm, assert, prove out, prove to be so; true, right; what is this way, as it is supposed to be; 是故 shì gù therefore, so, and so, for this reason, on this account
守 shŏu keep safe, safeguard; to ward, keep ward; hold to, keep to; abide by, observe
所 suŏ place, spot, site, location; 所以 suŏyĭ that which is used, wherewithal, means

T

天   tiān   the sky, the heavens, celestial; 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth, world

W

萬 wàn ten thousand, myriad; countless, innumerable; 萬物 wàn wù the myriad phenomena (of the world); all living things
為 wéi do; make, contrive; effect; carry out
謂   wèi   to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense
五 wŭ numeral five; fifth. 五穀 wŭ gŭ five crops (millet, sesame, soya beans, barley or wheat, rice or other variants), all crops, all grains
勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
物 wù things; matters, material things; phenomena; living beings

X

喜 xĭ delight in, joy(ful), happiness; light-hearted(ness), glad(ness), mirth(ful)
下 xià below, low(er), under, at the bottom; down(ward), go down, decline, to go down, fall
心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
星 xīng star; astral, star-like
形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline
胸 xiōng breast, chest, as seat of affections; inner mind; 胸中 xiōng zhōng one’s mind

Y

杳 yăo indistinct, obscure; vague, blurred; impenetrable, unfathomable
也 yĕ classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity; marking sentence-initial noun-phrases as topics; final particle in verbal sentences marking continuative aspect
以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
意 yì thought, idea; mentation; intent(ion), purpose
迎 yíng receive, accept; welcome, greet; acquiesce to, comply with
盈 yíng plentitude, plenteous; full, abundant, replete; full to excess, overfull
憂 yōu anxious, concerned over; fretful; trouble by, burdened with care; grief
於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
欲 yù want(s), desire(s); craving; desiderate
淵 yuān vortex, gyre; whirlpool, maelstrom; abyss, seemingly bottomless gulf; deep, profound; unplumbable, immeasurable

Z

在 zài be located at, situated; rest in, reside in, lie in; consist in depend on; be present; exist, live; at, in, on
則 zé standard, norm, precept; rule, example; usual, follow a law; VB-phrase conjunction, occurs between two VB-phrases subordinating the former to the latter, specifically with the meaning ‘if VB-phrase 1, then VB-phrase 2’
之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
止 zhĭ stop, halt, end; cease, cessation; only, merely, just
智 zhì wisdom, knowledge; cognition, intelligence; sentence; insight, gnosis
中 zhōng in, inner, innermost, inside, among; centre, central, middle, in the midst of
自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
崒   zú jut up; rearing ruggedly

 

DIGRAPHS CHAPTER 01

五穀 wŭ gŭ five crops (millet, sesame, soya beans, barley or wheat, rice or other variants), all crops, all grains
列星 liè xīng star alignment (in astrology)
天地 tiān dì heaven and earth, world
鬼神 guĭ shén gods and demons (Roth translates it like ‘ghostly and numinous’, others follow ‘ghosts and spirits’)
聖人 shèng rén saint, sage
胸中 xiōng zhōng one’s mind

DIGRAPHS CHAPTER 02

不可 bù kĕ cannot, should not, must not
是故 shì gù therefore, so, and so, for this reason, on this account
萬物 wàn wù the myriad phenomena (of the world); all living things

DIGRAPHS CHAPTER 03

所以 suŏ yĭ that which is used, wherewithal, means

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內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) Part 3 of 26

III

023   01   凡心之 形 fán xīn zhī xíng
024   02   自充自盈  zì chōng zì yíng
025   03   自生自成  zì shēng zì chéng

026   04   其所以失之 qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī
027   05   必以憂樂喜怒欲利  bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
028   06   能去憂樂喜怒欲利  néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
029   07   心乃反齊  xīn năi făn qí

030   08   彼心之情  bĭ xīn zhī qíng
031   09   利安以寧   lì ān yĭ níng
032   10   勿煩勿亂  wù fán wù luàn
033   11   和乃自成  hé năi zì chéng

III
023 01 凡心之刑 fán xīn zhī xíng
0103 凡 fán in general, overall, in every case of, whenever, whatever, whoever, whichever, all of
0104 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0105 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0106 形 xíng outward form, appearance, shape; structure, contour, outline

024 02 自充自盈 zì chōng zì yíng
0107 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0108 充 chōng fill, filled; whole, complete, abundant; fit in, fit with, accord with
0109 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0110 盈 yíng plentitude, plenteous; full, abundant, replete; full to excess, overfull

025 03 自生自成 zì shēng zì chéng

0111 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0112 生   shēng  life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop
0113 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0114 成  chéng   complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)

026 04 其所以失之 qí suŏ yĭ shī zhī
0115 其 qí his, her, their, its, one’s; the, this, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)
0116 所 suŏ place, spot, site, location; 所以 suŏyĭ that which is used, wherewithal, means
0117 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0118 失 shī lose, forfeit, lacking in, not careful about, neglectful of; wrongly done; error, slip
0119 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation

027 05 必以憂樂喜怒欲利 bì yĭ yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì

0120 必 bì adv necessarily, certainly; inevitably, invariably
0121 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0122 憂 yōu anxious, concerned over; fretful; trouble by, burdened with care; grief
0123 樂 lè merry, blithe; delighted; gleeful; (en)joy(ment); take pleasure in, delight in
0124 喜 xĭ delight in, joy(ful), happiness; light-hearted(ness), glad(ness), mirth(ful)
0125 怒 nù angry, infuriated, furious; wrath(ful), wroth; tense, intense
0126 欲 yù want(s), desire(s); craving; desiderate
0127 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid

028 06 能去憂樂喜怒欲利 néng qù yōu lè xĭ nù yù lì
0128 能 néng capacity, (cap)ability; faculty, prowess; capable of, able to
0129 去 qù depart (from), go away (from), leave, go off
0130 憂 yōu anxious, concerned over; fretful; trouble by, burdened with care; grief
0131 樂 lè merry, blithe; delighted; gleeful; (en)joy(ment); take pleasure in, delight in
0132 喜 xĭ delight in, joy(ful), happiness; light-hearted(ness), glad(ness), mirth(ful)
0133 怒 nù angry, infuriated, furious; wrath(ful), wroth; tense, intense
0134 欲 yù want(s), desire(s); craving; desiderate
0135 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid

029 07 心乃反齊 xīn năi făn qí
0136 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0137 乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
0138 反 făn turn over, invert, turn upward; turn back, reverse, go back, return, turn round; contrary, opposite, oppose; look inside, introspection
0139 齊 qí ready, complete; altogether; act in concert; bring into line; compose, arrange, array

030 08 彼心之情 bĭ xīn zhī qíng
0140 彼 bĭ that, those, the other, there
0141 心 xīn the heart, as the centre of intellectual and emotional activity
0142 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0143 情 qíng the actual situation; properties; matters; circumstance(s)

031 09 利安以寧 lì ān yĭ níng
0144 利 lì profit(able), benefit; gain(ful); successful, favourable; swift, rapid
0145 安 ān firmly in place; stable, secure; safe; unworried, settled, calm
0146 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0147 寧 níng peaceful, tranquil, irenic; pacify, calm

032 10 勿煩勿亂 wù fán wù luàn
0148 勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
0149 煩 fán vex(atious), irk(some), annoy(ance), irritate, peeve; trouble(some), bother(some); confusingly or unnecessarily many, overmuch; overcomplicated, loaded with trivia
0150 勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
0151 亂 luàn disorder(ly), disarray; chaos; trouble(d), confuse(d); rebel, revolt

033 11 和乃自成 hé năi zì chéng
0152 和 hé harmony, bring into harmony; harmonious, of sound; in harmony with, accordant; euphonious
0153 乃 năi then, only then; with that, given that, thereupon; so, thus
0154 自 zì for oneself, of oneself, personally; instinctively, naturally, freely, spontaneously
0155 成  chéng   complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfil, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)

TRANSLATIONS

Three

All the forms of the mind
Are naturally infused and filled with it [the vital essence],
Are naturally generated and developed [because of] it.

It is lost
Inevitably because of sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire, and profit-seeking.
If you are able to cast off sorrow, happiness, joy, anger, desire and profit-seeking,
Your mind will just revert to equanimity.

The true condition of the mind
Is that it finds calmness beneficial and, by it, attains repose.
Do not disturb it, do not disrupt it
And harmony will naturally develop.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Three

The form of the heart is
Spontaneously full and replete,
Spontaneously born and complete.

It loses this form through
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking.
If are able to rid itself of
care and joy, pleasure and anger, desire and profit-seeking,
the heart returns to completion.

The natural feelings of the heart cleave to rest and calm;
Don’t trouble them, don’t derange them,
and harmony will spontaneously be perfect.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Three

Always: the form of the heart/mind is
Naturally full, naturally overflowing,
Naturally born, naturally complete.

The reason that you lose it
Is certainly due to worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit.
If you can leave behind worries and happiness, love and anger, desire for profit,
Your heart/mind then returns [to its original nature] successfully.

The nature of that heart/mind
Benefits from calmness and the tranquility that comes from it.
Do not be troubled, do not be confused,
And harmony is then naturally achieved.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Three

Invariably, the heart-mind’s decisions
Naturally occupy it, naturally fill it.
They spontaneously arise, and spontaneously ripen.

They can become wayward
As a result of sorrow, pleasure, euphoria, anger, desire, and avarice.
If you can abandon sorrow, pleasure, euphoria, anger, desire, and avarice,
The heart will return back to the shore (of calm and stability).

It is the nature of the heart and mind
To benefit from tranquility and relaxation.
Do not agitate it, do not disturb it,
And harmony will naturally perfect it.

(Translated by Dan G. Reid, 2018)

內業 Nèiyè Inner Cultivation: part 2 of 26

009   01   是故此氣  shì gù cĭ qì
010   02   杲乎如登於天  găo hū rú dēng yú tiān
011   03   杳乎如入於淵  yăo hū rú rù yú yuān
012   04   綽乎如在於海  chuò hū rú zài yú hăi
013   05   崒乎如在於屺   zú hū rú zài yú qǐ

014   06   是故此氣也  shì gù cĭ qì yĕ
015   07   不可止以力  bù kĕ zhĭ yĭ lì
016   08   而可安以德  ér kĕ ān yĭ dé
017   09   不可呼以聲  bù kĕ hū yĭ shēng
018   10   而可迎以意  ér kĕ yíng yĭ yì

019   11   敬守勿失  jìng shŏu wù shī
020   12   是謂成德  shì wèi chéng dé
021   13   德成而智出  dé chéng ér zhì chū
022   14   萬物畢得  wàn wù bì dé

II

009 01 是故此氣 shì gù cĭ qì
0033 是 shì this, that, these, those; he, they, any, any such; affirm, assert, prove out, prove to be so; true, right; what is this way, as it is supposed to be; 是故 shì gù therefore, so, and so, for this reason, on this account
0034 故 gù reason, cause, purpose; therefore, assuredly, affirmedly, certainly, surely
0035 此 cĭ this, these, here
0036 氣 qì vital breath, pneuma, energising breath, life-force, material force. The force characterized by a blending of yin and yang, that animates each living creature and also runs through the inanimate universe; regarded as hybrid or dual in nature, described as neither just matter nor just energy, or rather as matter-energy; 氣 qì is the basic constituent element of the universe—Kroll, 2015.

010 02 杲乎如登於天 găo hū rú dēng yú tiān
0037 杲 găo glimmer, glint, break into light, like the just-rising sun; brightening; ascend in the distance
0038 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0039 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0040 登 dēng climb, ascend, rise; (sur)mount
0041 於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0042 天   tiān   the sky, the heavens, celestial

011 03 杳乎如入於淵 yăo hū rú rù yú yuān
0043 杳 yăo indistinct, obscure; vague, blurred; impenetrable, unfathomable
0044 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0045 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0046 入 rù enter, pass into, go in
0047 於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0048 淵 yuān vortex, gyre; whirlpool, maelstrom; abyss, seemingly bottomless gulf; deep, profound; unplumbable, immeasurable

012 04 淖乎如在於海 nào hū rú zài yú hăi
0049 淖 nào temperate, gentle; be in accord
0050 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0051 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0052 在 zài be located at, situated; rest in, reside in, lie in; consist in depend on; be present; exist, live; at, in, on
0053 於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0054 海 hăi sea, ocean; marine, maritime

013 05 崒乎如在於屺 zú hū rú zài yú qǐ
0055 崒   zú jut up; rearing ruggedly
0056 乎 hū interrogative or exclamatory final particle
0057 如 rú follow, defer to, comply with, according to, in light of; this, such a/an; in this way, so, such as; if
0058 在 zài be located at, situated; rest in, reside in, lie in; consist in depend on; be present; exist, live; at, in, on
0059 於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, with regard to; than
0060 屺   qǐ hill or mountain denuded of vegetation, bare mound

014 06 是故此氣也 shì gù cĭ qì yĕ
0061 是 shì this, that, these, those; he, they, any, any such; affirm, assert, prove out, prove to be so; true, right; what is this way, as it is supposed to be; 是故 shì gù therefore, so, and so, for this reason, on this account
0062 故 gù reason, cause, purpose; therefore, assuredly, affirmedly, certainly, surely
0063 此 cĭ this, these, here
0064 氣 qì vital breath, pneuma, energising breath, life-force, material force. The force characterized by a blending of yin and yang, that animates each living creature and also runs through the inanimate universe; regarded as hybrid or dual in nature, described as neither just matter nor just energy, or rather as matter-energy; 氣 qì is the basic constituent element of the universe—Kroll, 2015.
0065 也 yĕ classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity; marking sentence-initial noun-phrases as topics; final particle in verbal sentences marking continuative aspect

015 07 不可止以力 bù kĕ zhĭ yĭ lì
0066 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix; 不可 bù kĕ cannot, should not, must not
0067 可 kĕ possible, permissible, feasible; allow(able), admit; may, can
0068 止 zhĭ stop, halt, end; cease, cessation; only, merely, just
0069 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0070 力 lì strength, power(ful); force(ful); ability, potency; vigour(ous), strenuous

016 08 而可安以德 ér kĕ ān yĭ dé
0071 而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast
0072 可 kĕ possible, permissible, feasible; allow(able), admit; may, can
0073 安 ān firmly in place; stable, secure; safe; unworried, settled, calm
0074 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0075 德 dé innate (inner) power, potency, efficacy; sometimes thought of as projection of the 道 Dao (Way) in the sensible world; traditionally translated as ‘virtue,’ but having no religious overtones—Kroll, 2015.

017 09 不可呼以聲 bù kĕ hū yĭ shēng
0076 不 bù generic pre-verbal negative, not; negative prefix; 不可 bù kĕ cannot, should not, must not
0077 可 kĕ possible, permissible, feasible; allow(able), admit; may, can
0078 呼 hū to call, to cry, to shout, to breath out, to exhale, breath sigh
0079 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0080 聲 shēng sound, noise; voice

018 10 而可迎以意 ér kĕ yíng yĭ yì
0081 而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast
0082 可 kĕ possible, permissible, feasible; allow(able), admit; may, can
0083 迎 yíng receive, accept; welcome, greet; acquiesce to, comply with
0084 以 yĭ to use, take (up); use as a tool, instrument, or means
0085 意 yì thought, idea; mentation; intent(ion), purpose

019 11 敬守勿失 jìng shŏu wù shĭ
0086 敬 jìng respect(ful), revere(nce), regard with honor; serious; solemn, grave; reflective, somber
0087 守 shŏu keep safe, safeguard; to ward, keep ward; hold to, keep to; abide by, observe
0088 勿 wù prohibitive negative: do not
0089 失 shī lose, forfeit, lacking in, not careful about, neglectful of; wrongly done; error, slip

020 12 是謂成德 shì wèi chéng dé
0090 是 shì this, that, these, those; he, they, any, any such; affirm, assert, prove out, prove to be so; true, right; what is this way, as it is supposed to be
0091 謂   wèi   to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense
0092 成 chéng complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfill, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)
0093 德 dé innate (inner) power, potency, efficacy; sometimes thought of as projection of the 道 Dao (Way) in the sensible world; traditionally translated as ‘virtue,’ but having no religious overtones—Kroll, 2015.

021 13 德成而智出 dé chéng ér zhì chū
0094 德 dé innate (inner) power, potency, efficacy; sometimes thought of as projection of the 道 Dao (Way) in the sensible world; traditionally translated as ‘virtue,’ but having no religious overtones—Kroll, 2015.
0095 成 chéng complete, accomplish, achieve; effect(ive); fulfilled, realise; whole(ness), make whole, to form, shape; become, develop (to)
0096 而 ér verbal-phrase conjunction, occurs between two verbal-phrases subordinating the former to the latter: and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as; indicates causal relation; indicates change of state; indicates contrast
0097 智 zhì wisdom, knowledge; cognition, intelligence; sentence; insight, gnosis
0098 出 chū go or come out (from), come or go forth; issue (from), emerge(nt); go or reach beyond; exceed, surpass

022 14 萬物畢得 wàn wù bì dé
0099 萬 wàn ten thousand, myriad; countless, innumerable; 萬物 wàn wù the myriad phenomena (of the world); all living things
0100 物 wù things; matters, material things; phenomena; living beings
0101 畢 bì finish, bring to an end; all of, to the last one; completely
0102 得 dé obtain, get, gain, attain(ment), acquire(ment); have control of, possess

TRANSLATIONS
Two

Therefore this vital energy is:
Bright! — as if ascending the heavens;
Dark! — as if entering an abyss;
Vast! — as if dwelling in an ocean;
Lofty! — as if dwelling on a mountain peak.

Therefore this vital energy
Cannot be halted by force,
Yet can be secured by inner power [Te].
Cannot be summoned by speech,
Yet can be welcomed by awareness.

Reverently hold onto it and do not lose it:
This is called “developing inner power.”
When inner power develops and wisdom emerges,
The myriad things will, to the last one, be grasped.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

 

Two

This qi is

So bright! As though climbing to heaven.

So dark! As though entering the abyss.
So broad! As though permeating the sea.

So compact! As though residing within oneself.

This qi

Cannot be detained through physical force,
but may be brought to rest by force of virtue.
It may not be summoned by means of sound,
but may be received through one’s thoughts.

To guard it alertly without fail,
This is called perfect virtue.
When virtue is perfected wisdom emerges
and all the things of the world are grasped.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Two

Thus the Qi of the citizens :
Is it bright? As though ascending to heaven.
Is it dark and quiet? As though entering into an abyss.
Is it wide and spacious? As though residing in the ocean.
Is it close? As though residing in oneself.

Thus this Qi –
Cannot be brought to rest by using force,
But can be calmed by using De.
Cannot be summoned by using your voice,
But can be made welcome by using your intent.

When you can respectfully maintain it, and never lose it,
This is called developed De.
When De develops, and wisdom arises,
The bounty of the ten thousand creatures is attained.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Two

As a result (of essence), the energy-breath of common people (becomes)
Bright! As though rising up to the heavens;
Dark! As though entering the depths;
Spacious! As though within an ocean;
Enclosed! As though entirely self-contained.

As a result, this energy-breath
Cannot be stopped with effort,
Yet can be made peaceful through virtue;
Cannot be called over with a shout,
Yet can be welcomed with a harmonious tone (intent).

Honor it and guard it within. Do not neglect it.
This is called ripening virtue.
When virtue has ripened, wisdom comes forth,
And the myriad things attain fruition.

(Translated by Dan G. Reid, 2018)

NEIYE FAQ OR NOT FAQ 2018 PART 01

How many characters are there inside the whole 內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) text?

I really don’t care, do u? We are just in the beginning of rewriting all vocabularies for all chapters and the emendations from the Harold D. Roth edition (1999) will be included. So some characters will go out, some characters will be changed in writing and some of them will sound different.

How many characters are there in the first part?

I really care, don’t u? And answer is easy: 8 lines multiplied by 4 equals 32. These 32 characters are truly magic if you read them every day and care after them using your pen or brush, or brain, or heart, or all put together to enjoy ancient ideas and your precious time guaranteed to be spent properly.

Can you place all 32 characters from the first part in the alphabetical order?

I thought you’ll never ask! Watch the magic:
C
藏 cáng store up, reserve, hoard; keep safe; hide away, secrete
此 cĭ this, these, here

D
地 dì earth, soil, as land

F
凡 fán in general, overall, in every case of, whenever, whatever, whoever, whichever, all of

G
穀 gŭ grain, cereal, common food crops
鬼 guĭ returning spirit of the dead, revenant, ghost, specter; often associated with the carnal-soul (魄 pò) that is tied to the earth; 鬼神 guĭ shén gods and demons (Roth translates it like ‘ghostly and numinous’, others follow ‘ghosts and spirits’)

J
間 jiān NB This graph a medieval development of 閒 xián, interstice of space, interval, space between, in between, among, in the midst of
精 jīng essence; purest, most highly concentrated element; germinal essence, life-germ contained in the Dao; the energy that nourishes the human body and is esp. attached to sexuality (semen, menstrual fluid); seminal; vital; seed(ling)

L
列 liè to array, arrange in ranks or sequence; sign up, align(meant); set out; enlist(meant). 列星 liè xīng star alignment (in astrology)
流 liú flow, drift, course, glide, run, stream; circulate, distribute, spread

R
人 rén person, human being, man, mankind, others, the other one(s)

S
上 shàng on top, on high, above, higher, up(ward)
神 shén spirit(ual), god(ly), divine, deity; sacred, etherial, holy; natural order, law of nature
生 shēng life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop
聖 shèng possessing wisdom, judgment, and moral excellence; profoundly wise and virtuous; sage(ly), sagacious. 聖人 shèng rén saint, sage

T
天 tiān the sky, the heavens, celestial; 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth, world

W
為 wéi do; make, contrive; effect; carry out
五 wŭ numeral five; fifth. 五穀 wŭ gŭ five crops (millet, sesame, soya beans, barley or wheat, rice or other variants), all crops, all grains
謂 wèi speak to; speak about, address, say, tell of; to call, term, refer to as, to mean
物 wù things, matters, material things, phenomena, the exterior world, human beings

X
下 xià below, low(er), under, at the bottom; down(ward), go down, decline, to go down, fall
星 xīng star; astral, star-like
胸 xiōng breast, chest, as seat of affections; inner mind; 胸中 xiōng zhōng one’s mind

Y
於 yú in, at, on, to, from, with regard to

Z
則 zé standard, norm, precept; rule, example; usual, follow a law; VB-phrase conjunction, occurs between two VB-phrases subordinating the former to the latter, specifically with the meaning ‘if VB-phrase 1, then VB-phrase 2’
之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
中 zhōng in, inner, innermost, inside, among; centre, central, middle, in the midst of

How many different characters are there in the first part we should learn soon?

If you will memorise 27 characters you can read the first part in 32 characters without teacher’s presence. And believe me, nobody cares what you read, right?