內業 Nèiyè Inner Cultivation Part 1 of 26

Please note that any partition of any translator you can find online or here are just for your temporal comfortability: they are not original to the text, or better to say there is no hard evidence for that. And I don’t use punctuation marks because it is so COOLER to read and concentrate only on the inner meaning of characters. Let’s call it ‘deeper understanding of ancient ideas’ 🙂

I
001 凡物之精 fán wù zhī jīng
002 此則為生 cĭ zé wéi shēng
003 下生五穀 xià shēng wŭ gŭ
004 上為列星 shàng wéi liè xīng
005 流天地間 liú tiān dì jiān
006 謂之鬼神 wèi zhī guĭ shén
007 藏於胸中 cāng yú xiōng zhōng
008 謂之聖人 wèi zhī shèng rén

001 凡物之精 fán wù zhī jīng

0001 凡 fán in general, overall, in every case of, whenever, whatever, whoever, whichever, all of
0002 物 wù things, matters, material things, phenomena, the exterior world, human beings
0003 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0004 精 jīng essence; purest, most highly concentrated element; germinal essence, life-germ contained in the Dao; the energy that nourishes the human body and is esp. attached to sexuality (semen, menstrual fluid); seminal; vital; seed(ling)

002 比則為生 cĭ zé wéi shēng

0005 此 cĭ this, these, here
0006 則 zé standard, norm, precept; rule, example; usual, follow a law; VB-phrase conjunction, occurs between two VB-phrases subordinating the former to the latter, specifically with the meaning ‘if VB-phrase 1, then VB-phrase 2’
0007 為 wéi do; make, contrive; effect; carry out
0008 生 shēng life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop

003 下生五穀 xià shēng wŭ gŭ

0009 下 xià below, low(er), under, at the bottom; down(ward), go down, decline, to go down, fall
0010 生 shēng life; live, be alive, exist; emerge, come forth, appear; to grow, develop
0011 五 wŭ numeral five; fifth.五穀 wŭ gŭ five crops (millet, sesame, soya beans, barley or wheat, rice or other variants), all crops, all grains
0012 穀 gŭ grain, cereal, common food crops.

004 上為列星 shàng wéi liè xīng

0013 上 shàng on top, on high, above, higher, up(ward)
0014 為 wéi do; make, contrive; effect; carry out
0015 列 liè to array, arrange in ranks or sequence; sign up, align(meant); set out; enlist(meant).
列星 liè xīng star alignment (in astrology)
0016 星 xīng star; astral, star-like

005 流天地間 liú tiān dì jiān

0017 流 liú flow, drift, course, glide, run, stream; circulate, distribute, spread
0018 天 tiān the sky, the heavens, celestial; 天地 tiān dì heaven and earth, world
0019 地 dì earth, soil, as land
0020 間 jiān NB This graph a medieval development of 閒 xián, interstice of space, interval, space between, in between, among, in the midst of

006 謂之鬼神 wèi zhī guĭ shén

0021 謂 wèi speak to; speak about, address, say, tell of; to call, term, refer to as, to mean
0022 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0023 鬼 guĭ returning spirit of the dead, revenant, ghost, specter; often associated with the carnal-soul (魄 pò) that is tied to the earth; 鬼神 guĭ shén gods and demons (Roth translates it like ‘ghostly and numinous’, others follow ‘ghosts and spirits’)
0024 神 shén spirit(ual), god(ly), divine, deity; sacred, etherial, holy; natural order, law of nature

007 藏於胸中 cáng yú xiōng zhōng

0025 藏 cáng store up, reserve, hoard; keep safe; hide away, secrete
0026 於 yú in, at, on, to, from, with regard to
0027 胸 xiōng breast, chest, as seat of affections; inner mind; 胸中 xiōng zhōng one’s mind
0028 中 zhōng in, inner, innermost, inside, among; centre, central, middle, in the midst of

008 謂之聖人 wèi zhī shèng rén

0029 謂 wèi speak to; speak about, address, say, tell of; to call, term, refer to as, to mean
0030 之 zhī to go; pronouns: this, that, these, those, him, her, it, them; demonstrative adjectives: this, that, these, those; marker of noun-phrase modification; possessive marker; marker of sentential nominalisation
0031 聖 shèng possessing wisdom, judgment, and moral excellence; profoundly wise and virtuous; sage(ly), sagacious. 聖人 shèng rén saint, sage
0032 人 rén person, human being, man, mankind, others, the other one(s)

TRANSLATIONS (VR1-4)

I

The vital essence of all things:
It is this that brings them to life.
It generates the five grains below
And becomes the constellated stars above.
When flowing amid the heavens and the earth
We call it ghostly and numinous.
When stored within the chests of human beings,
We call them sages.—Harold D. Roth 1999

I

It is the essence of things
That gives life to them.
Below, it gives birth to the five grains;
Above, it is the ranks of stars.
Flowing between heaven and earth:
We call these ghosts and spirits.
Stored within the breast:
We call these sages.—Robert Eno 2005

I

Always: the essence of creatures –
This then makes them live.
Below, it gives birth to the five grains;
Above, it acts to arrange the stars.
When it flows in the space between heaven and earth
We call them ghosts and spirits.
When it collects in the center of the breast of people,
We call them sages.—Bruce R. Linnell 2011

I

It is invariably the essence of things
That gives them life.
Below, it gives birth to the five grains;
Above, it aligns the stars.
Circulating between Heaven and Earth,
We call them ghosts and spirits;
Collected within the bosom,
We call them sages.—Dan G. Reid 2018

NOTE: The translation made by Harold D. Roth can be easy found online but it is left unclear: Can I or cannot use it for educational purpose part by part (as well as translation from the digital edition of Dan G. Reid). As far as I can see, translation made by Robert Eno is copyright-free. The translation made by Bruce R. Linnell was placed online under a Creative Commons license and I hope it will be useful for those who feel difficulty to understand Classical Chinese instantly. Please remember, my main goal is to make TRADITIONAL CHINESE writing and Pinyin tone pronunciation notes closer to those students who want enjoy the VOICE OF HISTORY AND WISDOM BEHIND CLASSICAL CHINESE TEXT without comments and translations.

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INTRODUCTION: 內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation), or HUMANKIND IS ALMOST READY IN 2018

As far as I can see, humanity is not ready yet to print out this text in Classical Chinese (as it was not ready a few years ago) and Pinyin with tones with two or three translations into English with unique numeration of every line under one cover. Probably, editors and readers will be inspired to do it soon. So people just keep printing ancient Chinese texts without tones and sometimes without Pinyin, and electronic dictionaries built inside reading apps sometimes work, work partially from time to time, or do not work on a whim. At least, Chinese characters don’t look like foreigners in the white frames on the display. But four (!) translations here made by professionals (1999, 2005, 2011, and 2018) prove that readiness is somewhere close to me, and I am going to bring it closer to you too. Readers, read the blog.

This fresh project 2018 will include original Classical Chinese text 內業 Nèiyè (Inner Cultivation) chapter by chapter with all emendations made by Harold D. Roth and glossary pages will follow A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese, Paul W. Kroll, 2015.

Principal books jam session

1 Original Tao: Inward Training (Nei-yeh) And The Foundations of Taoist Mysticism by Harold D. Roth, Columbia University Press, 1999, 276 pages paper book (Inward Training pp. 46-97: Traditional Chinese with line numeration and English translation, no Pinyin and tones, ancient pronunciation to show last character in the line only).

2 Translation by Robert Eno (2005) was googled and rewritten following chapters from Harold D. Roth edition.

3 Translation by Bruce R. Linnell (2011) was googled and rewritten following chapters from Harold D. Roth edition.

4 The Thread of Dao: Unraveling Early Daoist Oral Traditions in Guan Zi’s Purifying the Heart-Mind (Bai Xin), Art of the Heart-Mind (Xin Shu), and Internal Cultivation (Nei Ye) 2018, Center Ring Publishing, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic book. Translation, annotations, and commentary by Dan G. Reid.

5 Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar by Edwin G. Pulleyblank, UBC Press, Vancouver, Canada, 1995. Fifteen chapters from Introduction and Some Basic Principles of Classical Chinese Syntax to Complex Sentences, 194 pages.

6 Du’s Handbook of Classical Chinese Grammar (An Introduction to Classical Chinese Grammar) Contributors: Archie Barns, Don Starr, and Graham Ormerod, 2009, Great Britain. Absolutely wonderful reference book including small dictionary for grammar section (1,189 characters and five short stories with grammar explanation for beginners).

7 A Student’s Dictionary of Classical and Medieval Chinese by Paul W. Crawl, BRILL Leiden/Boston edition 2015, 714 pages: that was nice reading page by page during some months in winter and making synopsis of entries you liked the best of all, duh!

12 SIMPLE KEYS TO MASTER YOUR “DIET”

adamrosante

Following ADAM ROSANTE, and it’s a short, really short synopsis of rules and shopping lists in three colors.

#1   FOOD AS CLOSE TO ITS NATURAL STATE AS POSSIBLE

PLUS A LIST OF DIRTY DOZEN FRUITS AND VEGGIES (buy organic)

Apples

Bell peppers

Berries

Celery

Cherries

Grapes

Lettuce

Nectarines

Peaches

Pears

Potatoes

Spinach 

PLUS A LIST OF THE CLEAN FIFTEEN (not so important to get organic)

Asparagus

Avocado

Cabbage

Cantaloupe

Corn

Eggplant

Grapefruit

Kiwi

Mango

Mushrooms

Onions

Pineapple

Sweet peas

Sweet potatoes?Yams

Watermelon

#2   EAT A LITTLE LESS

Stop eating when you feel about 80 percent full.

• Take smaller portions.

• Drink a full glass of water before your meal.

• Drink a full glass of water after your meal.

• Use a smaller plate.

• Don’t help yourself to seconds.

• Wait 15 minutes before considering another helping.

• Don’t finish your entire meal.

#3   EAT 5 TIMES PER DAY

Think breakfast, snack, lunch, snack, and dinner.

Say it with me: “Skipping meals is a fast track to fat.”

Eating five times a day isn’t hard.

You’re going to start with breakfast and then eat just about every two and a half hours.

#4   PILE ON THE PROTEIN

Green Light—These are your best choices, so eat these the most.

• Eggs (whole or whites)

• Fish (wild, not farmed)

• Lean poultry (baked, grilled, roasted, steamed)

• High-protein grains (amaranth, bulgur, quinoa, etc.)

• Legumes (peas, beans, lentils)

• Nut butters (Read the label and find an option that has one ingredient: nuts. Crazy, but a lot of nut butters add sugar and salt. Totally unnecessary.)

• Raw nuts

• Pea, hemp, or whey protein (find one that’s free of any artificial flavors or sweeteners, preservatives, or sugars. Go organic if possible.

Yellow Light—enjoy occasionally. Once a day is okay, but not with every meal.

• Cheese

• Fatty meats (Beef, pork, lamb. Go for lean cuts of grass-fed organic.

• Poultry skin

Red Light—avoid entirely, or at least eat as little as possible.

• Fast food (drive-thru burgers, Philly cheesesteaks, etc.)

• Fried fish and/or meats

• Processed meats (packaged bacon, deli meats, hot dogs, mass-produced sausage)

Now you know the good protein from the bad. But just how much is enough? This is really easy to calculate. Hold up your hands and take a good look. These are the only measuring tools you’ll need to control your calories and gauge proper portion sizes for your body.

Men: Eat 2 palm-sized portions of lean protein with breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

Women: Eat 1 palm-sized portion of lean protein with breakfast, lunch, and dinner.

#5   EAT CARBS WITH CONFIDENCE

Green Light (go ahead and eat):

• Fruits

• Legumes

• Vegetables

• Whole grains (amaranth, barley, buckwheat, bulgur, faro, quinoa, oatmeal, whole grain wheat flour, sprouted whole wheat)

Yellow Light (eat in limited amounts):

• Refined grains (processed cereals, white flour, white rice, pastas, any bread)

Red Light (seriously limit or, ideally, cut out altogether):

• Commercially mass-prepared baked goods (cakes, chips, cookies, crackers, doughnuts)

• Fried fast foods (french fries, onion rings, etc., from quick-service restaurants)

• Soda

• Processed sugar products (more on this later)

#6   EAT MORE VEGETABLES

#7   FEAST ON FATS

#8   DRINK MORE WATER DRINK FEWER CALORIES

Your interest here is in losing weight. And for that reason alone, you should start drinking more water. Half your body weight in ounces to be precise. So, if you weigh 160 pounds, you should be drinking 80 ounces of water each day.

How to Drink Enough Water

• Buy a nice-looking bottle and carry it around with you. Pick something that’s BPA-free. I reuse a glass water bottle. Easy peasy!

• Set a glass of water on your nightstand or next to your bed and drink it when you first wake up.

• Drink a glass before every meal.

• Drink a glass after every meal.

• Add fresh fruit. Lemons, limes, kiwis, cherries, etc. Slice up whatever fruit you like and toss it in. It’ll flavor your water without weighing you down.

How can you tell if you’re drinking enough when you don’t have a measuring cup at the office? Simple! At home, measure out how many ounces it takes to fill your water bottle (if it doesn’t already tell you on the side). Let’s say it takes 20 ounces to fill your bottle and you need to drink 80 ounces per day. You now know that you should drink about four of those bottles before you hit the sack.

Another quick tip if you forget your bottle. At home, measure out 10 ounces of water and count how many normal swallows it takes you to finish. Jot that number down so you’ll remember it. Measure at home; drink anywhere!

#9   PUMP THE BREAKS ON SUGAR

#10   TREAT DON’T CHEAT

The 80/20 Rule.   It’s a simple philosophy: 80 percent of your food choices are healthy and 20 percent are indulgences. The 80/20 rule allows you to treat yourself to the things you love every day, be it chocolate, ice cream, wine, beer, booze, or whatever else you fancy. That’s right. Every. Day.

#11   RAISE A GLASS?

Oh the dreaded A-word. You want to know if you can still indulge in alcohol, right? Here’s the potentially painful answer: yes, but only so much as your 80/20 (treat don’t cheat) rule allows.

Tips for staying in control around alcohol:

• Order water or seltzer in a rocks glass with a twist of lime and toss in a red straw. It looks enough like a cocktail for you not to seem like a buzzkill.

• Drink sllllowwwly.

• Have a glass of water after every drink. And drink that glass of water sllllowwwly.

• Order clear spirits with no mixers. Tequila neat or on the rocks with a twist of lime is seriously low-cal and packs a powerful punch.

#12   CLEANSES AND JUICES AND FASTS. OH MY!

Nine Kinds of People Who Will Celebrate Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2016 Soon!

mchnyreallyblack

Sūn Sīmiăo 孫思邈 (c.581-682) from his book Fúshòu lùn 福壽論 about nine different kinds of people (citation from Livia Kohn’s Chinese Healing Exercises: The Tradition of Daoyin):

  • sages who embody the Dao in non-action
  • worthies who know misfortunes but do not cheat to avoid them
  • accomplished ones who obey destiny and do not pursue anything beyond their level
  • faithful people who guard their faith and rest in calm tranquility no matter what happens
  • benevolent folks who are modest and diligent, caring and circumspect in their relations with others
  • knights who are dedicated in service and maintain respect at all times
  • ordinary people who observe the principles but are careless about their implementation
  • ignorant ones who are obstinate in their egotism and cannot be convinced to pay attention to the greatest flux
  • and, finally, small men who actively go agains the Dao, keeping themselves busy without even thinking about the greater picture.

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 9 of 26

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 9 of 26

101   01   一物能化謂之神               yī wù néng huà wèi zhī shén

102   02   一事能變謂之智               yī shì néng biàn wèi zhī zhì

103   03   化不易氣變不易智           huà bù yì qì biàn bù yì zhì

104   04   惟執一之君子能為此乎   wéi zhí yī zhī jūn zĭ néng wéi cĭ hū

105   05   執一不失                           zhí yī bù shī

106   06   能君萬物                           néng jūn wàn wù

107   07   君子使物                           jūn zĭ shĭ wù

108   08   不為物使                           bù wéi wù shĭ

109   09   得一之理                           de yī zhī lĭ

TRANSLATIONS

Nine

Those who can transform even a single thing, call them “numinous”;

Those who can alter even a single situation, call them “wise.”

But to transform without expending vital energy; to alter without expending wisdom:

Only exemplary persons who hold fast to the One are able to do this.

Hold fast to the One; do not loose it,

And you will be able to master the myriad things.

Exemplary persons act upon things,

And are not acted upon by them,

Because they grasp the guiding principle of the One.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Unifying with things and able to transform them–this is called spirit-like.

Unifying with affairs and able to adapt–this is called wisdom.

To transform without altering one’s qi,
and adapt without altering one’s wisdom–

only a junzi who grips the One can do this. Gripping the One without fail,

he is able to be ruler to the world of things.

The junzi manipulates things; he is not manipulated by things.

He grasps the principle of the One.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)Knowing the Oneness with creatures can transform them,

We call this being spirit-like.
Knowing the Oneness with your duties can change them,

We call this being wise.

To transform creatures, without altering your Qi;

To change duties, without altering your wisdom;

Only a noble man who maintains Oneness
Can do this!

When he maintains Oneness and does not lose it,

He can rule the ten thousand creatures.
A noble man uses creatures,
He does not allow creatures to use him.

When he attains the regulation of Oneness.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 5 of 26

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 5 of 26

051   01   凡道無所                       fán dào wú suŏ

052   02   善心安愛                       shàn xīn ān ài

053   03   心靜氣理                       xīn jìng qì lĭ

054   04   道乃可止                       dào năi kĕ zhĭ

055   05   彼道不遠                       bĭ dào bù yuăn

056   06   民得以產                       mín de yĭ chăn

057   07   彼道不離                       bĭ dào bù lí

058   08   民因以知                       mín yīn yĭ zhī

059   09   是故卒乎其如可與索   shì gù cù hū qí rú kĕ yú suŏ

060   10   眇眇乎其如窮無所       miăo miăo hū qí rú qióng wú suŏ

061   11   彼道之情                       bĭ dào zhī qíng

062   12   惡音與聲                       è yīn yú shēng

063   13   修心靜音                       xiū xīn jìng yīn

064   14   道乃可得                       dào năi kĕ de

V

051   01   凡道無所   fán dào wú suŏ

0248     fán   all, any, every, ordinary, common, of the material world

0249   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0250   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0251   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

052   02   善心安愛   shàn xīn ān ài

0252   善   shàn   good, virtuous, charitable, kind, benevolent

0253   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0254   安   ān   peace, peaceful, tranquil, quiet, calm, still, safe, secure, security, safety

0255   愛   ài   love, to love, to like, be fond of, affection

053   03   心靜氣理   xīn jìng qì lĭ

0256   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0257   靜   jìng   quiet, calm, motionless, not moving, gentle

0258   氣   qì   vital breath, vapor, steam, gas, air, spirit, smell, weather, to anger, to get angry

0259   理   lĭ   reason, logic, truth, science, to manage, to run (affairs), to handle, to put in order

054   04   道乃可止 dào năi kĕ zhĭ

0300   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0301   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, only

能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0302   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0303   止   zhĭ   stop, halt, detain, desist, prohibit, until, only

055   05   彼道不遠   bĭ dào bù yuăn

0304   彼   bĭ   that, those, there, (one) another

0305   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0306   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0307   遠   yuăn   distant, far, remote, profound

056   06   民得以產   mín de yĭ chăn

0308   民   mín   people, subjects, citizens, nationality

0309   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

0310   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0311    產   chăn   to give birth, to reproduce, to produce, product, resource, estate, property

057   07   彼道不離   bĭ dào bù lí

0312   彼   bĭ   that, those, there, (one) another

0313   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0314   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0315   離   lí   to leave, to part from, to be away from, go away, without (something), independent of, separate

058   08   民因以知   mín yīn yĭ zhī

0316   民   mín   people, subjects, citizens, nationality

0317   因   yīn   cause, reason, because (of), by

0318   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0319   知   zhī   to know, to be aware, to perceive, to comprehend

059   09   是故卒乎其如可與索   shì gù cù hū qí rú kĕ yú suŏ

0320   是   shì   indeed, yes, right, to be, this, that (demonstrative pronoun)

0321   故   gù   reason, because, ancient, old

0322   卒   cù   at last, finally, sudden, unexpected

0323   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0324   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0325   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0326   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0327   與   yú   and, with, to, for, give, grant, (final particle expressing doubt or surprise)

0328   索   suŏ   to search. to demand, to ask, to exact, large rope, isolated

060   10   眇眇乎其如窮無所   miăo miăo hū qí rú qióng wú suŏ

0329   眇   miăo   tiny, humble, blind, blind in one eye

0330   眇   miăo   tiny, humble, blind, blind in one eye

0331   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0332   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0333   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0334   窮   qióng   poor, impoverished, exhausted, destitute

0335   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack

0336   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

061   11   彼道之情   bĭ dào zhī qíng

0337   彼   bĭ   that, those, there, (one) another

0338   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0339     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0340   情   qíng   feeling, emotion, passion, sentiment, situation

062   12   惡音與聲   è yīn yú shēng

0341   惡   è   evil, bad, wicked, foul, fierce, vicious, ugly, coarse, to harm

0342   音   yīn   sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation, noise, syllable, note (of musical scale), reading (phonetic)

0343   與   yú   and, with, to, for, give, grant, (final particle expressing doubt or surprise)

0344   聲   shēng   sound, voice, tone, noise, music, classifier for sounds

063   13   修心靜音   xiū xīn jìng yīn

0345   修   xiū   to study, to repair, to cultivate, to decorate, to write, to embellish, to build

0346   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

0347   靜   jìng   quiet, calm, motionless, not moving, gentle

0348   音   yīn   sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation, noise, syllable, note (of musical scale), reading (phonetic)

064   14   道乃可得   dào năi kĕ de

0349   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0350   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, onl

0351   可   kĕ   may, can, -able, possibly

0352   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

TRANSLATION

FIVE

The Way has no fixed position;

It abides within the excellent mind.

When the mind is tranquil and the vital breath is regular,

The Way can thereby be halted.

That Way is not distant from us;

When people attain it they are sustained

That Way is not separated from us;

When people accord with it they are harmonious.

Therefore: Concentrated! — as though you could be roped together with it.

Indiscernible! — as though beyond all locations.

The true state of that Way:

How could it be conceived of and pronounced upon?

Cultivate your mind, make your thoughts tranquil,

And the Way can thereby be attained.

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

The Dao has no fixed place;
it dwells at peace in a good heart.

When the heart is tranquil and the qi aligned,

the Dao may be made to stay.

The Dao is not distant,
people gain it in being born.

The Dao never departs,
people rely on it for awareness.

How compact! As though it could be bound up.

How remote! As though exhausting all nothingness.

The natural being of the Dao abhors thought and voice.

Refine the heart and calm thoughts,

and the Dao may be grasped.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Always: Dao is nowhere to be found,
But in a virtuous heart/mind it can calmly dwell.

When the heart/mind is still and Qi is regulated,

Dao can then stay there.

That Dao is not remote :
Citizens attain it by being born.
That Dao does not depart :
Citizens rely on it for understanding.

Thus : is it close?
As though it could be tied together with you.

Is it very minute and subtle?
As though it is utterly nowhere to be found.

The nature of that Dao
Detests thoughts and words about it.
But when you cultivate your heart/mind and still your thoughts,

Dao can then be attained.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)

Nèiyè 內業 Inner Cultivation: part 4 of 26

034   01   折折乎如在於側       zhé zhé hū rú zài yú cè

035   02   忽忽乎如將不得       hū hū hū rú jiàng bù dé

036   03   渺渺乎如窮無極       miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí

037   04   此稽不遠                   cĭ jī bù yuăn

038   05   日用其德                   rì yòng qí dé

039   06   夫道者所以充形也   fú dào zhĕ suŏ yĭ chōng xíng yĕ

040   07   而人不能固               ér rén bù néng gù

041   08   其往不復                   qí wăng bù fù

042   09   其來不舍                   qí lái bù shĕ

043   10   謀乎莫聞其音           móu hù mò wén qí yīn

044   11   卒乎乃在於心           cù hū năi zài yú xīn

045   12   冥冥乎不見其形       míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng

046   13   淫淫乎與我俱生       yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng

047   14   不見其形                   bù jiàn qí xíng

048   15   不聞其聲                   bù wén qí shēng

049   16   而序其成                   ér xù qí chéng

050   17   謂之道                       wèi zhī dào

IV

034   01   折折乎如在於側   zhé zhé hū rú zài yú cè

0157   折   zhé, shé   snap, bend, break off, to suffer loss

0158   折   zhé, shé   snap, bend, break off, to suffer loss

0159   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0160   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0161   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0162   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0163   側   cè   side, slant, to incline towards, inclined, lean, lateral

035   02   忽忽乎如將不得   hū hū hū rú jiàng bù dé

0164   忽    hū   suddenly, abruptly, overlook, neglect

0165   忽    hū   suddenly, abruptly, overlook, neglect

0166   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0167   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0168   將   jiàng   will, going to, future, general, to command, to lead, king (chess piece)

0169   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix; 不得  bù dé   must not, may not, cannot, not to be allowed

0170   得   de   to obtain, to get, to gain, to acquire, structural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it ot following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc

036   03   渺渺乎如窮無極   miăo miăo hū rú qióng wú jí

0171   渺   miăo   vast, boundless, endlessly long, distant and indistinct, tiny or insignificant

0172   渺   miăo   vast, boundless, endlessly long, distant and indistinct, tiny or insignificant

0173   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0174   如   rú   as, as if, such as, if, supposing, like

0175   窮   qióng   poor, impoverished, exhausted, destitute

0176   無   wú  no, not, have no, negative, lack:    無極   wú jí   everlasting, unbounded

0177   極    jí   extreme, final, utmost, furthest

037   04   此稽不遠   cĭ jī bù yuăn

0178   此   cĭ   this, these, in this case, then

0179   稽   jī   to examine, to investigate, to inspect, to check

0180   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0181   遠   yuăn   distant, far, remote, profound

038   05   日用其德   rì yòng qí dé

0182   日  rì   sun, day, daytime;  日用   rì yòng   of everyday use, daily expenses

0183   用   yòng   use, employ, apply, operate

0184   其  qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0185   德   dé   virtue, morality, ethics, goodness, kind, kindness, favor, character

039   06   夫道者所以充形也   fú dào zhĕ suŏ yĭ chōng xíng yĕ

0186   夫   fú   grammar particle or demonstrative pronoun (classical Chinese), man, male, adult, husband

0187   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

0188   者   zhĕ   that which, he who, those who, (used after a term, to mark a pause before defining the term), (old) (used at the the end of command), (old) this

0189   所   suŏ   place, location, actually, that which, classifier for houses, small buildings, institutions etc, particle introducing a relative clause or passive

0190   以   yĭ   therefore, thereby, by means of, consider as, in order to, to use, according to, so as to, by, with, because

0191   充   chōng   fill, be full, fulfill, supply, satisfy, substitute, sufficient, to act in place of

0192   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

0193   也   yĕ   also, too, classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity

040   07   而人不能固   ér rén bù néng gù

0194   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0195   人   rén   man, people, mankind, someone else

0196   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0197   能   néng   can, to be able to, permitted to, ability, capability

0198   固   gù   to become solid, solidify, strength, hard, sure, indeed, of course

041   08   其往不復   qí wăng bù fù

0199   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0200   往   wăng   to go, to depart, to, towards, past, previous, formerly

0201   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0202   復   fù   to go and return, return, resume, repeat, recover, restore, again, repeatedly

042   09   其來不舍   qí lái bù shĕ

0203   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0204   來   lái   come, coming, return, returning, arrive, to come round, ever since, next

0205   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0206   舍   shĕ   to give up, to abandon, discard, give up willingly, give alms

043   10   謀乎莫聞其音  móu hù mò wén qí yīn

0207   謀   móu   plan, scheme, stratagem, to plan, to seek

0208   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0209   莫   mò   do not, is not, cannot, negative, there is none who

0210   聞    wén   hear, smell, make known, news, fame, famous, reputation, well-known

0211   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0212   音   yīn   sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation, noise, syllable, note (of musical scale), reading (phonetic)

044   11   卒乎乃在於心   cù hū năi zài yú xīn

0213   卒   cù   at last, finally, sudden, unexpected

0214   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0215   乃   năi   then, thus, so, therefore, thereupon, after all, as it turned out, really, indeed, namely, only

0216   在   zài   to be at, in, on, to exist, consist in, rest, (located) at, in the middle of doing something, (indicating an action in progress)

0217   於   yú   in, at, on, to, from, by, out of, than

0218   心   xīn   heart, mind, intelligence, intention, center, core, soul

045   12   冥冥乎不見其形   míng míng hū bù jiàn qí xíng

0219   冥   míng   dark, gloomy, deep, night, stupid, the underworld

0220   冥   míng   dark, gloomy, deep, night, stupid, the underworld

0221   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0222   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0223   見   jiàn   to see, to meet, to appear, to interview, observe, behold, perceive

0224   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0225   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

046   13   淫淫乎與我俱生   yín yín hū yú wŏ jù shēng

0226   淫   yín   excess, excessive, obscene, licentious, lewd, wanton, depraved

0227   淫   yín   excess, excessive, obscene, licentious, lewd, wanton, depraved

0228   乎   hū   interrogative or exclamatory final particle, at, from, because, than

0229   與   yú   and, with, to, for, give, grant, (final particle expressing doubt or surprise)

0230   我   wŏ   I, me, my, our, us, we

0231   俱   jù   all, together, accompany, entirely, without exception

0232     shēng   life, living, lifetime, birth, to be born, to grow, raw, uncooked

047   14   不見其形   bù jiàn qí xíng

0233   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0234   見   jiàn   to see, to meet, to appear, to interview, observe, behold, perceive

0235   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0236   形   xíng   form, shape, appearance, to look, to appear

048   15   不聞其聲   bù wén qí shēng

0237   不   bù  no, not, un-, negative prefix

0238   聞    wén   hear, smell, make known, news, fame, famous, reputation, well-known

0239   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0240   聲    shēng   sound, voice, tone, noise, music, classifier for sounds

049   16   而序其成   ér xù qí chéng

0241   而   ér   and, and then, and yet, yet (not), but, but (not), as well as, (indicates causal relation), (indicates change of state), (indicates contrast)

0242   序   xù   series, serial, order, sequence, preface

0243   其   qí   his, her, its, their, that, such, it (refers to something preceding it)

0244   成   chéng   completed, finished, fixed, to succeed, to accomplish, to become, to turn into, OK!

050   17   謂之道  wèi zhī dào

0245   謂   wèi   to speak, to say, to name, to designate, to tell, to call, be called, meaning, sense

0246     zhī   to go, this, it, him, her, them, or marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase

0247   道   dào   path, road, street, method, way, direction, principle, truth, reason, skill, morality

TRANSLATIONS

Four

Clear! — as though right by your side.

Vague! — as though it will not be attained.

Indescribable! — as though beyond the limitless.

The test of this is not far off:

Daily we make use of its inner power.

The Way is what infuses the body,

Yet people are unable to fix it in place.

It goes forth but does not return,

It comes back but does not stay.

Silent! — none can hear its sound.

Suddenly stopping! — it abides within the mind.

Obscure! —  we do not see its form.

Surging forth! — it arises with us.

We do not see its form,

We do not hear its sound,

Yet we can perceive an order to its accomplishments.

We call it “the Way.”

(Translated by Harold D. Roth, 1999)

Four

So gleaming! As though just beside.
So dim! As though ungraspable.
So remote! As though exhausting the far limit.

Its basis is near at hand; daily we draw its force of virtue.
By means of the Dao forms are made full,

yet men are not able to cleave firmly to it.

Once gone it may not return,

Once come it may not remain.
So silent! None hears its sound.

So compact! It resides in the heart.

So dark! Invisible of form.

So overflowing! It is born along with me.

Its form unseen,

Its sound unheard,

Yet its doings perfectly ordered.

Such we call: the Dao.

(Translated by Robert Eno, 2005)

Four

Is it very bright? As though located right by your side.

Is it very easy to overlook? As though it will never be attained.
Is it very remote and indistinct? As though utterly without boundaries.

To examine this, you need not go far:

You use De daily.

Now: Dao is the reason that the form [of the heart/mind] is full!

But people cannot be strong enough to keep it –
It goes and does not return,
It arrives but does not dwell.

Is it silent? There is no one who can hear its sound.

Is it close? It is residing in the heart/mind.
Is it very dim and obscure? You cannot see its form.
Is it very prolific? It gives us all life.

You cannot see its form,
You cannot hear its voice,
Yet there is an order to its accomplishments.

We call it Dao.

(Translated by Bruce R. Linnell, 2011)