ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TAOISM (CIRCULATING PRIVATE NOTES): Xíngqì 行氣 circulating breath

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Once again, it is so good to read this encyclopedia to learn some facts and details from past time which are reliable lighthouses to lead to present day. Two quotes from the article written by an outstanding sinologist Catherine Despeux look better with Traditional Chinese and tones in Pinyin and dates. (I have to say that recently I have found yet another interesting book, A History of the Japanese Language by Bjarke Frellesvig and every time he speaks on Chinese intersection he uses tones but that’s totally another story).

“Methods for circulating breath are attested during the period of the Warring States (403-221), became well known during the Six Dynasties (220-589), and developed during the Tan (618-907) and Song (960-1279) periods. Their most ancient source is an inscription dating from ca. 300 BCE that describes the circulation of breath throughout the body (see Harper 1998, 125-26). In the Han (202 BCE-220 CE) period, circulating breath is mentioned in several texts, including the Huángdì nèijìng (Língshū 靈樞, sec. 11.73).”—Catherine Despeux.

“Circulating breath is often associated with gymnastics (dăoyĭn 導引) and breath retention (bìqì 閉氣). It is generally performed in a reclining position for 300 breaths, before one expires the breath slowly and inaudibly. One begins with retaining breath for twelve breaths (the so-called “small cycle,” xiăotōng 小通), and then progresses up to 120 breaths (the “great cycle,” dàtōng 大通). Tang documents add to this classical model a circulation of inner breath in which Intention (yì 意) plays a major role.”—Catherine Despeux.

I hope very much that this note like all others can make your further searching online more easily performed.
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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF TAOISM (A SEQUEL TO WUXING THEORY PLUS ONE SEXY NOTE): Wŭxíng 五行 Five Phases

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I perfectly understand why encyclopedia’s author didn’t place many tables (on wuxing, for example) in the volume; the whole staff was really limited by the allowed space. We, bloggers of the world, aren’t limited at all 🙂

What follows is the trial for 36 lines of clusters I usually think about considering the complexity of the wuxing theory, and it is a nice tool with the Soil in the center to practice meditation on five stages of any process around harmony and its extremities. Sometime I put the Pinyin with tones and Traditional Chinese, sometimes I don’t, this is called ‘life’, right?

My guess is this is the best table I could compile for years (four partitions are artificial, of course), but if you really believe you know some details to add, just be in touch, please.

BASIC

TRADITIONAL FIVE PHASES (or AGENTS or PRIMARY ELEMENTS)
Wood, Fire, Soil (or Earth), Metal, Water
Mù Huŏ Tŭ Jīn Shuĭ
木火土金水

STAGES OF A PROCESS (RHYTHM & PHILOSOPHY)
Potential Action, Real Action, Harmony, Potential Structure, Real Structure

COLORS
Green, Red, Yellow, White (and Gold), Black (and Dark Blue)

DIRECTIONS OF THE COMPASS
East, South, Center, West, North
Dōng Nán Zhōng Qiū Bĕi
東南中秋北

SEASONS
Spring, Summer, Periods Between Every Four Seasons, Autumn, Winter
Chūn, Xià, In-betweeners, Qiū, Dōng
春, 夏, (In-betweeners), 秋, 冬

TEN CELESTIAL STEMS (SHI TIAN GAN)
Jiă Yĭ (1-2), Bĭng Dīng (3-4), Wù Jĭ (5-6), Gēng Xīn (7-8), Rén Guĭ (9-10)
甲乙, 丙丁, 戊己, 庚辛, 壬癸

TWELVE EARTHY BRANCHES (SHI ER DI ZHI)
Yín Măo (3-4), Sì Wŭ (6-7), Chén Wèi (5-8) + Chŏu Xū (2-11), Shēn Yŏu (9-10), Zĭ Hài (1-12)
(寅卯), (巳午), (辰未) and (丑戌), (申酉), (子亥)

ANIMALS FOR NUMBERS FROM 1 TO 12 (SHI ER DI ZHI)
Tiger and Rabbit, Snake and Horse, Dragon and Ram + Bull and Dog, Monkey and Cock, Rat and Boar

NUMBERS FROM FIVE TO NINE (I CHING DIVINATION NUMBERS 6-7-8-9)
Bā 八 (8), Qī 七 (7), Wŭ 五 (5), Jiŭ 九 (9), Liù 六 (6)

HEAVEN

ASTRONOMY
Stars, Sun, Earth, Star Constellations, Moon

PLANETS
Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Venus, Mercury

STAR CONSTELLATIONS 1-28 IN FOUR GROUPS
Group 1-7, Group 8-14, (Null), Group 15-21, Group 22-28

STELLAR PALACES
Cāng Lóng (Green Dragon), Zhū Niăo (Red Phoenix), Huáng Lóng (Yellow Dragon), Bái Hŭ (White Tiger), Xuán Wŭ (Black Warrior)
蒼龍, 朱鳥, 黃龍, 白虎, 玄武

SEXY NOTE: By the way, Bái Hŭ (White Tiger) 白虎 means (slang) hairless female genitalia. Source: MDBG Traditional Chinese-English Dictionary. So, guys, just be careful, y’know…:))

EARTH AND SOCIETY

FIVE GREAT STATES (FROM WARRING STATES PERIOD?)
Qi, Chu, Zhao, Qin, Yan

RULERS AND EMPERORS
Great Yu (Dà Yŭ, Xia dynasty), Wen Wang ( Zhou dynasty), Huang Di, Tang ( Shang dynasty), Qin Shi Huang Di (Qin dynasty)

FIVE DIFFERENT KINDS OF RULERS IN THE STATE
Weak, Educated, Careful, Energetic, Calm

ANCIENT CHINESE MUSIC (PENTATONIC SCALE)
Jiao, Zhi, Gong, Shang, Yu (C, D, E, G, A in Western notation)

MINISTRIES IN THE STATE
Agriculture, Military, Capital City, Judicial, Social Work

CROPS
Wheat, Legume, Panicled Millet, Hemp, Millet

DEVELOPMENT
Birth, Growth, Maturity, Harvest, Storage

DOMESTIC ANIMALS
Ram, Cock, Bull, Dog, Pig

TOOLS
Compass, Tools for Measurement, Plum Bob, T-square, Scales

SACRIFICES
Inside Door, Hearth, Inside Yard, Outside Door, The Well

CLASSES OF ANIMALS
Fish, Birds, People, Furry Mammals, Shell Invertebrates

HUMAN
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)

MAN
Behavior, Vision, Thinking, Speech, Hearing

WEATHER
Windy, Hot, Thunder, Cold, Rainy

BODY STRUCTURE (TISSUE)
Sinew, Pulse of Blood, Flesh, Skin and Hair, Bones

FINGERS
Index finger, Thumb, Middle finger, Fourth finger, Little finger

WU ZANG ORGANS (YIN ORGANS)
Liver, Heart + Pericardium, Spleen, Lungs, Kidney
Gān, Xīn, Pí, Fèi, Shèn
肝, 心, 脾, 肺, 腎

FU ORGANS (YANG ORGANS)
Gall Bladder, Small Intestine +Triple Heater, Stomach, Colon, Bladder
Dăn, Xiăo Cháng, Wèi, Dà Cháng, Páng Guāng
膽, 小腸, 胃, 大腸, 膀胱

YIN YANG BALANCE
Xiăo Yáng, Tài Yáng, Balance, Xiăo Yīn, Tài Yīn
小陽, 太暘, Balance, 小陰, 太陰

AFFECTS
Anger, Joy, Worry, Grief, Fear
Nù, Xĭ, Sī, Yōu or Bēi, Kŏng
怒, 喜, 思, 憂 or 悲, 恐

SENSE ORGANS
Eyes, Tongue, Mouth, Nose, Ears

TASTE
Sour, Bitter, Sweet, Spicy (Pungent), Salty

SMELL
Goat’s odor, Burnt, Aromatic, Rancid, Rotten

NEIDAN 內丹 INNER ELIXIR (RESTORING FIVE COMPONENTS)
Hún (in the liver), Shén (in the heart), Yì (in the spleen), Pò (in the lungs), Jīng (in the kidneys)
Hún 魂, Spirit (Shén 神), Intention (Yì 意), Pò 魄, Essence (Jīng 精)
魂, 神, 意, 魄, 精

NOTE: Hún and Pò (魂 魄: Yang soul and Yin soul; celestial soul and earthly soul), and there is an article in the first volume, yes.